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European ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Angular 2 Contact Form Component for ASP.NET MVC 6

clock February 16, 2017 07:20 by author Scott

In this post, I will show you simple tutorial about how to create a simple contact form using Angular 2 and ASP.NET MVC 6. Ok, let’s get started.

The Component

Contact.cshtml

We’ll start off with a simple contact form. I’m asking the user for his name, e-mail address, a subject and of course the message itself. 
You’ll notice that I’m also using a bit of Bootstrap css classes. You however can of course use anything you want to style the contact form.

<div>
    <form #f="ngForm" (ngSubmit)="onSubmit(contact)">
        <div>
            <div class="form-group required">
                <label for="name">Name</label>
                <input type="text" [(ngModel)]="contact.Name" name="contact.Name" required="Please enter your name" class="form-control text-input" id="name" placeholder="Name"/>
            </div>
            <div class="form-group required">
                <label for="email">E-mail</label>
                <input type="email" [(ngModel)]="contact.Email" name="contact.Email" required="Please enter your e-mail address" class="form-control text-input" id="email" placeholder="E-mail"/>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div>
            <div class="form-group required">
                <label for="subject">Subject</label>
                <input type="text" [(ngModel)]="contact.Subject" name="contact.Subject" required="A subject is needed" class="form-control text-input" id="subject" placeholder="Subject"/>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div>
            <div class="form-group required">
                <label for="message">Message</label>
                <textarea type="text" [(ngModel)]="contact.Message" name="contact.Message" required="A message is needed" class="form-control" id="message" placeholder="Message..."></textarea>
            </div>
        </div>
        <div>
            <div>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success">Send</button>
            </div>
        </div>
    </form>
</div>

Contact.ts

This the most important part of this post. I’ve written the code in Typescript. 
Due to an issue I couldn’t seem to resolve between MVC6 and Angular 2 I was forced to the URLSearchParams from Angular to send my data to the server. I hope to update this one day so I only have to send the complete object to the server.

import {Component} from '@angular/core';
import {Http, Headers, URLSearchParams} from '@angular/http';

@Component({
    selector: 'contact',
    templateUrl: '/angular/contact'
})

export class ContactFormComponent {
    http = undefined;
    contact = { Name: undefined, Subject: undefined, Email: undefined, Message: undefined };
    loading = true;

    constructor(http: Http) {
        this.http = http;
        this.loading = false;
    }

    onSubmit() {
        this.loading = true;
        let headers = new Headers({ 'Content-Type': 'application/x-www-form-urlencoded' });
        var params = new URLSearchParams();
        params.set('Name', this.contact.Name);
        params.set('Subject', this.contact.Subject);
        params.set('Message', this.contact.Message);
        params.set('Email', this.contact.Email);
        this.http.post('/contact/send', params.toString(), { headers: headers }).subscribe(this.messageSend());
    }

    messageSend() {
        this.contact = { Name: undefined, Subject: undefined, Email: undefined, Message: undefined };
        this.loading = false;
    }
}

This was the biggest part, now what’s left is the connection on the server itself.

Start.cs

First we’ll setup the routes. This is very easy. I’ve set up a rout to go to the contact form itself and one for sending the information to the server.

public class Startup
{
                public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
                {
                                //I'm using MVC... So I'm adding MVC.
                                services.AddMvc();
                }

                public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
                {
                                //I have some static files, like images and css in my wwwroot folder. So I need to add these.
                                app.UseStaticFiles();
                                app.UseMvc(m =>
                                {
                                                //Route to open the page with the form.
                                                m.MapRoute("contact", "contact", new { controller = "Contact", action = "Contact" });
                                                //Route to post the data
                                                m.MapRoute("contact-send", "contact/send", new { controller = "Contact", action = "SendContact" });
                                });
                }

                // Entry point for the application.
                public static void Main(string[] args) => WebApplication.Run<Startup>(args);
}

ContactVm.cs

This is going to be the ViewModel. I use this to map the JSON request to a nice and easy model we can use on our controller.

public class ContactVm
{
                [Required]
                [DataType(DataType.Text)]
                public string Name { get; set; }
                [Required]
                [DataType(DataType.EmailAddress)]
                public string Email { get; set; }
                [Required]
                [DataType(DataType.Text)]
                public string Subject { get; set; }
                [Required]
                [DataType(DataType.MultilineText)]
                public string Message { get; set; }
}

ContactController.cs

The last part is our controller itself where the data is being received on the server. Nothing special here, I’m just using the above viewmodel as a parameter.

public class ContactController : Controller
{
                public ContactController() { }

                public IActionResult Contact()
                {
                                return View();
                }             

                [HttpPost]
                public void SendContact(ContactVm contact)
                {
                                //Do something with the contact form...
                }
}

By using the above code you’ll be able create a contact form in Angular 2 and make it interact with and MVC 6 server-side.
Keep in mind the both frameworks are still in development and can contain errors.



European ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Use AngularJS with MVC 6 Web API

clock February 10, 2017 08:46 by author Scott

This post will walk you through the step-by-step procedure on building a simple ASP.NET 5 application using AngularJS with Web API.

Before we dig further let’s talk about a quick overview of AngularJS and Web API in MVC 6.

Introducing AngularJS

AngularJS is a client-side MVC framework written in JavaScript. It runs in a web browser and greatly helps us (developers) to write modern, single-page, AJAX-style web applications. It is a general purpose framework, but it shines when used to write CRUD (Create Read Update Delete) type web applications.

Introducing Web API

ASP.NET Web API is a framework that makes it easy to build HTTP services that reach a broad range of clients, including browsers and mobile devices. ASP.NET Web API is an ideal platform for building RESTful applications on the .NET Framework. In ASP.NET 5, Web API is now part of MVC 6. Read more here

Creating an ASP.NET 5 Project

To start, fire up Visual Studio 2015 and create a new ASP.NET 5 project by selecting File > New Project. In the dialog, under Templates > Visual C#, select ASP.NET Web Application as shown in the figure below: 

Name your project to whatever you like and then click OK. For this example I named the project as “AngularJS101”. Now after that you should be able to see the “New ASP.NET Project” dialog:

Now select ASP.NET 5 Preview Empty template from the dialog above. Then click OK to let Visual Studio generate the necessary files and templates needed for you. You should be able to see something like below:

Adding the Scripts folder

The next thing to do is to create a new folder called “Scripts”. This folder will contain all the JavaScript files needed in our application:

Getting the Required Packages

ASP.NET 5 now supports three main package managers: NuGet, NPM and Bower.

Package Manager

A package manager enables you to easily gather all resources that you need for building an application. In other words you can make use of package manager to automatically download all the resources and their dependencies instead of manually downloading project dependencies such as jQuery, Bootstrap and AngularJS in the web.

NuGet

NuGet manages .NET packages such as Entity Framework, ASP.NET MVC and so on. You typically specify the NuGet packages that your application requires within project.json file.

NPM

NPM is one of the newly supported package manager in ASP.NET 5. This package manager was originally created for managing packages for the open-source NodeJS framework. The package.json is the file that manages your project’s NPM packages.

Bower

Bower is another supported package manager in ASP.NET 5. It was created by Twitter that is designed to support front-end development. You can use Bower to manage client-side resources such as jQuery, AngularJS and Bootstrap.

For this example we need to use NPM to install the resources we need in our application such as Grunt and the Grunt plugins. To do this just right click in your Project (in this case AngularJS101) and select Add > New Item. In the dialog select NPM configuration file as shown in the figure below:

Click Add to generate the file for you. Now open package.json file and modify it by adding the following dependencies:

{
    "version": "1.0.0",
    "name": "AngularJS101",
    "private": true,
    "devDependencies": {
        "grunt": "0.4.5",
        "grunt-contrib-uglify": "0.9.1",
        "grunt-contrib-watch": "0.6.1"
    }
}

Notice that you get Intellisense support while you edit the file. A matching list of NPM package names and versions shows as you type.

In package.json file, from the code above, we have added three (3) dependencies named grunt, grunt-contrib-uglify and grunt-contrib-watch NPM packages that are required in our application.

Now save the package.json file and you should be able to see a new folder under Dependencies named NPM as shown in the following:

Right click on the NPM folder and select Restore Packages to download all the packages required. Note that this may take a bit to finish the download so just be patient and wait ;). After that the grunt, grunt-contrib-uglify and grunt-contrib-watch NPM packages should now be installed as shown in the following:

Configuring Grunt

Grunt is an open-source tool that enables you to build client-side resources for your project. For example, you can use Grunt to compile your LESS or Saas files into CSS. Adding to that, Grunt can also be used to minify CSS and JavaScript files.

In this example, we will use Grunt to combine and minify JavaScript files. We will configure Grunt so that it will take all the JavaScript files from the Scripts folder that we created earlier, combine and minify the files, and finally save the results to a file named app.js within the wwwroot folder.

Now right click on your project and select Add > New Item. Select Grunt Configuration file from the dialog as shown in the figure below:

Then click Add to generate the file and then modify the code within the Gruntfile.js file so it will look like this:

module.exports = function (grunt) { 
    grunt.loadNpmTasks('grunt-contrib-uglify');
    grunt.loadNpmTasks('grunt-contrib-watch');

    grunt.initConfig({
        uglify: {
            my_target: {
                files: { 'wwwroot/app.js': ['Scripts/app.js', 'Scripts/**/*.js'] }
            }
        },

        watch: {
            scripts: {
                files: ['Scripts/**/*.js'],
                tasks: ['uglify']
            }
        }
    });

    grunt.registerTask('default', ['uglify', 'watch']);
};

The code above contains three sections. The first one is used to load each of the Grunt plugins that we need from the NPM packages that we configured earlier. The initConfig() is responsible for configuring the plugins. The Uglify plugin is configured so that it combines and minifies all the files from the Scripts folder and generate the result in a file named app.js within wwwroot folder. The last section contains the definitions for your tasks. In this case we define a single ‘default’ task that runs ‘uglify’ and then watches for changes in our JavaScript file.

Now save the file and let’s run the Grunt file using Visual Studio Task Runner Explorer. To do this, go to View > Other Windows > Task Runner Explorer in Visual Studio main menu. In the Task Runner Explorer make sure to hit the refresh button to load the tasks for our application. You should see something like this:

Now right click on the default task and select Run. You should be able to see the following output:

Configuring ASP.NET MVC

There are two main files that we need to modify to enable MVC in our ASP.NET 5 application.

First, we need to modify the project.json file to in include MVC 6 under dependencies:

    "webroot": "wwwroot",
    "version": "1.0.0-*",
    "dependencies": {
        "Microsoft.AspNet.Server.IIS": "1.0.0-beta3",
        "Microsoft.AspNet.Mvc": "6.0.0-beta3"
    },
    "frameworks": {
        "aspnet50": { },
        "aspnetcore50": { }
    },

Make sure to save the file to restore the packages required. The project.json file is used by the NuGet package manager to determine the packages required in your application. In this case we’ve added Microsoft.AspNet.Mvc.

Now the last thing is to modify the Startup.cs file to add the MVC framework in the application pipeline. Your Startup.cs file should now look like this:

using System; 
using Microsoft.AspNet.Builder; 
using Microsoft.AspNet.Http; 
using Microsoft.Framework.DependencyInjection;

namespace AngularJS101 
{
    public class Startup
    {
        public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services){
            services.AddMvc();
        }

        public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app){
            app.UseMvc();
        }
    }
}

The ConfigureServices() method is used to register MVC with the ASP.NET 5 built-in Dependency Injection Framework (DI). The Configure() method is used to register MVC with OWIN.

Adding Models

The next step is to create a model that we can use to pass data from the server to the browser/client. Now create a folder named “Models” under the root of your project. Within the “Models” folder, create a class named “DOTAHero” and add the following code below:

using System;

namespace AngularJS101.Models 
{
    public class DOTAHero
    {
        public int ID { get; set; }
        public string Name { get; set; }
        public string Type { get; set; }
    }
}

Create another class called “HeroManager” and add the following code below:

using System.Collections.Generic; 
using System.Linq;

namespace AngularJS101.Models 
{
    public class HeroManager
    {
        readonly List<DOTAHero> _heroes = new List<DOTAHero>() {
            new DOTAHero { ID = 1, Name = "Bristleback", Type="Strength"},
            new DOTAHero { ID = 2, Name ="Abbadon", Type="Strength"},
            new DOTAHero { ID = 3, Name ="Spectre", Type="Agility"},
            new DOTAHero { ID = 4, Name ="Juggernaut", Type="Agility"},
            new DOTAHero { ID = 5, Name ="Lion", Type="Intelligence"},
            new DOTAHero { ID = 6, Name ="Zues", Type="Intelligence"},
            new DOTAHero { ID = 7, Name ="Trent", Type="Strength"},
        };
        public IEnumerable<DOTAHero> GetAll { get { return _heroes; } }

        public List<DOTAHero> GetHeroesByType(string type) {
            return _heroes.Where(o => o.Type.ToLower().Equals(type.ToLower())).ToList();
        }

 public DOTAHero GetHeroByID(int Id) {
            return _heroes.Find(o => o.ID == Id);
        }
    }
}

The HeroManager class contains a readonly property that contains a list of heroes. For simplicity, the data is obviously static. In real scenario you may need to get the data in a storage medium such as database or any files that stores your data. It also contains a GetAll property that returns all the heroes and a GetHeroesByType() method that returns a list of heroes based on the hero type, and finally a GetHeroByID() method that returns a hero based on their ID.

Adding Web API Controller

For this particular example, we will be using Web API for passing data to the browser/client.

Unlike previous versions of ASP.NET, MVC and Web API controllers used the same controller base class. Since Web API is now part of MVC 6 then we can start creating Web API controllers because we already pulled the required NuGet packages for MVC 6 and configured MVC 6 in startup.cs.

Now add an “API” folder under the root of the project:

Then add a Web API controller by right-clicking the API folder and selecting Add > New Item. Select Web API Controller Class and name the controller as “HeroesController” as shown in the figure below:

Click Add to generate the file for you. Now modify your HeroesController class so it will look like this:

using System.Collections.Generic; 
using Microsoft.AspNet.Mvc; 
using AngularJS101.Models;

namespace AngularJS101.API.Controllers 
{
    [Route("api/[controller]")]
    public class HeroesController : Controller
    {
        // GET: api/values
        [HttpGet]
        public IEnumerable<DOTAHero> Get()
        {
            HeroManager HM = new HeroManager();
            return HM.GetAll;
        }

        // GET api/values/7
        [HttpGet("{id}")]
        public DOTAHero Get(int id)
        {
            HeroManager HM = new HeroManager();
            return HM.GetHeroByID(id);
        }

    }
}

At this point we will only be focusing on GET methods to retrieve data. The first GET method returns all the heroes available by calling the GetAll property found in HeroManager class. The second GET method returns a specific hero data based on the ID.

You can test whether the actions are working by running your application in the browser and appending the /api/heroes in the URL. Here are the outputs for both GET actions:

Route: /api/heroes

Route: /api/heroes/7

Creating an AngularJS Application

Visual Studio 2015 includes templates for creating AngularJS modules, controllers, directives and factories. For this example we will be displaying the list of heroes using an AngularJS template.

Adding an AngularJS Module

To get started lets create an AngularJS module by right-clicking on the Scripts folder and selecting Add > New Item. Select AngularJS Module as shown in the figure below.

Click Add to generate the file and copy the following code for our AngularJS module:

(function () {
    'use strict';

    angular.module('heroesApp', [
        'heroesService'      
    ]);
})();

The code above defines a new AngularJS module named “heroesApp”. The heroesApp has a dependency on another AngularJS module named “heroesService” which we will create later in the next step.

Adding an AngularJS Controller

The next thing to do is to create a client-side AngularJS Controller. Create a new folder called “Controllers” under the Script folder as in the following:

 

Click Add and copy the following code below within your heroesController.js file:

(function () {
    'use strict';

    angular
        .module('heroesApp')
        .controller('heroesController', heroesController);

    heroesController.$inject = ['$scope','Heroes'];

    function heroesController($scope, Heroes) {
        $scope.Heroes = Heroes.query();
    }
})();

The code above depends on the Heroes service that supplies the list of heroes. The Heroes service is passed to the controller using dependency injection (DI). The $inject() method call enables DI to work. The Heroes service is passed as the second parameter to the heroesController() function.

Adding the Heroes Service

We will use an AngularJS Heroes service to interact with our data via Web API. Now add a new folder called “Services” within the Script folder. Right click on the Services folder and select Add > New Item. From the dialog select AngularJS Factory and name it as “heroesService.js” as in the following:

Now click Add and then replace the generated default code with the following:

(function () {
    'use strict';

    var heroesService = angular.module('heroesService', ['ngResource']);
    heroesService.factory('Heroes', ['$resource',
        function ($resource) {
            return $resource('/api/heroes', {}, {
                query: { method: 'GET', params: {}, isArray: true}
            });
        }
    ]);
})();

The code above basically returns a list of heroes from the Web API action. The $resource object performs an AJAX request using a RESTful pattern. The heroesService is associated with the /api/heroes route on the server. This means that when you perform a query against the service from your client-side code, the Web API HeroesController is invoked to return a list of heroes.

Adding an AngularJS Template

Let’s add an AngularJS template for displaying the list of heroes. To do this we will need an HTML page to render in the browser. In the wwwroot folder add a new HTML page and name it as “index” for simplicity. Your application structure should now look like this:

The wwwroot folder is a special folder in your application. The purpose is that the wwwroor folder should contain all contents of your website such as HTML files and images needed for your website.

You should not place any of your source code within the wwwroot folder. Instead source codes such as MVC controllers’ source, model classes and unminified JavaScript and LESS files should be placed outside of the wwwroot folder.

Now replace the content of index.html with the following:

<!DOCTYPE html>  
<html ng-app="heroesApp"> 
<head> 
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <title>DOTA 2 Heroes</title>
    <script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.15/angular.js"></script>
    <script src="//ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/angularjs/1.3.15/angular-resource.js"></script>
    <script src="app.js"></script>
</head> 
<body ng-cloak> 
    <div ng-controller="heroesController">
        <h1>DOTA Heroes</h1>
        <table>
            <thead>
                <tr>
                    <th>ID</th>
                    <th>Name</th>
                    <th>Type</th>
                </tr>
            </thead>
            <tbody>
                <tr ng-repeat="hero in Heroes">
                    <td>{{hero.ID}}</td>
                    <td>{{hero.Name}}</td>
                    <td>{{hero.Type}}</td>
                </tr>
            </tbody>
        </table>
    </div>
</body> 
</html> 

There are several things to point out from the markup above: 
The html element is embedded with the ng-app directive. This directive associates the heroesApp with the HTML file.

In the script section, you will notice that I use Google CDN for referencing AngularJS and related libraries. Besides being lazy, it’s my intent to use CDN for referencing standard libraries such as jQuery, AngularJS and Bootstrap to boost application performance. If you don’t want to use CDN then you can always install AngularJS packages using Bower.

The body element is embedded with the ng-cloak directive. This directive hides an AngularJS template until the data has been loaded in the page. 
The div element within the body block is embedded with the ng-controller directive. This directive associates the heroesController and renders the data within the div element.

Finally, the ng-repeat directive is added to the tr element of the table. This will create row for each data that retrieved from the server.

Output

Here’s the output below when running the page and navigating to index.html:

That’s it! It is more fun to play DOTA!

 



ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Database Image Bank In ASP.NET MVC

clock February 2, 2017 08:41 by author Peter

The goal is to use a database to store images and use MVC to call those images, using custom routes. The premises are,
The URL must be something like this: “imagebank/sample-file” or “imagebank/32403404303“.
The MVC Controller/Action will get the image by an ID “sample-file” or “32403404303” and find out on some cache and/or database to display the image. If it exists in cache, get from cache if not get from database. So in HTML, we can call the image like this.

    <img src="~/imagebank/sample-file" />   

If you want to use another URL, for instance “foo/sample-file”, you can change the image bank route name in web.config.
If you do not want to display the image and just download the file, use - “imagebank/sample-file/download“.

So, let's get started!

The image bank route configuration

App_Start\RouteConfig.cs
public class RouteConfig 
    { 
        public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes) 
        { 
            routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.axd/{*pathInfo}"); 
 
            routes.MapRoute( 
                name: "ImageBank", 
                url: GetImageBankRoute() + "/{fileId}/{action}", 
                defaults: new { controller = "ImageBank", action = "Index" } 
            ); 
 
            routes.MapRoute( 
                name: "Default", 
                url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}", 
                defaults: new { controller = "Home", action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional } 
            ); 
        } 
 
        private static string GetImageBankRoute() 
        { 
            var key = "imagebank:routeName"; 
            var config = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings.AllKeys.Contains(key) ? ConfigurationManager.AppSettings.Get(key) : ""; 
 
            return config ?? "imagebank"; 
        } 
    } 


The Image Bank Controller

Controllers\ImageBankController.cs 
public class ImageBankController : Controller 
    { 
        public ImageBankController() 
        { 
            Cache = new Cache(); 
            Repository = new Repository(); 
        } 
         
        public ActionResult Index(string fileId, bool download = false) 
        { 
            var defaultImageNotFound = "pixel.gif"; 
            var defaultImageNotFoundPath = $"~/content/img/{defaultImageNotFound}"; 
            var defaultImageContentType = "image/gif"; 
 
            var cacheKey = string.Format("imagebankfile_{0}", fileId); 
            Models.ImageFile model = null; 
 
            if (Cache.NotExists(cacheKey)) 
            { 
                model = Repository.GetFile(fileId); 
 
                if (model == null) 
                { 
                    if (download) 
                    { 
                        return File(Server.MapPath(defaultImageNotFoundPath), defaultImageContentType, defaultImageNotFound); 
                    } 
 
                    return File(Server.MapPath(defaultImageNotFoundPath), defaultImageContentType); 
                } 
                 
                Cache.Insert(cacheKey, "Default", model); 
            } 
            else 
            { 
                model = Cache.Get(cacheKey) as Models.ImageFile; 
            } 
 
            if (download) 
            { 
                return File(model.Body, model.ContentType, string.Concat(fileId, model.Extension)); 
            } 
 
            return File(model.Body, model.ContentType); 
        } 
 
        public ActionResult Download(string fileId) 
        { 
            return Index(fileId, true); 
        } 
 
        private Repository Repository { get; set; } 
 
        private Cache Cache { get; set; } 
    } 


The above code has two actions - one for displaying the image and the other for downloading it.

The database repository

Repository.cs
public class Repository 
    { 
        public static Models.ImageFile GetFile(string fileId) 
        { 
            //Just an example, use you own data repository and/or database 
            SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["ImageBankDatabase"].ConnectionString); 
 
            try 
            { 
                connection.Open(); 
                var sql = @"SELECT *  
                            FROM    dbo.ImageBankFile  
                            WHERE   FileId = @fileId  
                                    OR ISNULL(AliasId, FileId) = @fileId"; 
 
                var command = new SqlCommand(sql, connection); 
                command.Parameters.Add("@fileId", SqlDbType.VarChar).Value = fileId; 
                command.CommandType = CommandType.Text; 
                var ada = new SqlDataAdapter(command); 
                var dts = new DataSet(); 
                ada.Fill(dts); 
 
                var model = new Models.ImageFile(); 
                model.Extension = dts.Tables[0].Rows[0]["Extension"] as string; 
                model.ContentType = dts.Tables[0].Rows[0]["ContentType"] as string; 
                model.Body = dts.Tables[0].Rows[0]["FileBody"] as byte[]; 
 
                return model; 
            } 
            catch  
            { 
 
            } 
            finally 
            { 
                if (connection != null) 
                { 
                    connection.Close(); 
                    connection.Dispose(); 
                    connection = null; 
                } 
            } 
 
            return null; 
        } 
    } 


The repository is very simple. This code is just for demonstration. You can implement your own code. 

The image bank model class

Models\ImageFile.cs
public class ImageFile 
    { 
        public byte[] Body { get; set; } 
 
        public string ContentType { get; set; } 
 
        public string Extension { get; set; } 
    }  

Create table script

USE [ImageBankDatabase] 
GO 
 
/****** Object:  Table [dbo].[ImageBankFile]    Script Date: 11/16/2016 12:36:56 ******/ 
SET ANSI_NULLS ON 
GO 
 
SET QUOTED_IDENTIFIER ON 
GO 
 
SET ANSI_PADDING ON 
GO 
 
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[ImageBankFile]( 
    [FileId] [nvarchar](50) NOT NULL, 
    [AliasId] [nvarchar](100) NULL, 
    [FileBody] [varbinary](max) NULL, 
    [Extension] [nvarchar](5) NULL, 
    [ContentType] [nvarchar](50) NULL, 
 CONSTRAINT [PK_ImageBankFile] PRIMARY KEY CLUSTERED  

    [FileId] ASC 
)WITH (PAD_INDEX  = OFF, STATISTICS_NORECOMPUTE  = OFF, IGNORE_DUP_KEY = OFF, ALLOW_ROW_LOCKS  = ON, ALLOW_PAGE_LOCKS  = ON) ON [PRIMARY] 
) ON [PRIMARY] 
 
GO 
 
SET ANSI_PADDING OFF 
GO  

The Cache provider class

Cache.cs

public class Cache 
    { 
        public Cache() 
        { 
            _config = ConfigurationManager.GetSection("system.web/caching/outputCacheSettings") as OutputCacheSettingsSection; 
        } 
         
        private OutputCacheSettingsSection _config; 
         
        private OutputCacheProfile GetProfile(string profile) 
        { 
            return !string.IsNullOrEmpty(profile) ? _config.OutputCacheProfiles[profile] : new OutputCacheProfile("default"); 
        } 
         
        private object GetFromCache(string id) 
        { 
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(id)) throw new NullReferenceException("id is null"); 
            if (System.Web.HttpRuntime.Cache != null) 
            { 
                lock (this) 
                { 
                    return System.Web.HttpRuntime.Cache[id]; 
                } 
            } 
 
            return null; 
        } 
         
        public Cache Insert(string id, string profile, object obj) 
        { 
            if (System.Web.HttpRuntime.Cache != null) 
            { 
                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(id)) 
                { 
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("id", "id is null"); 
                } 
 
                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(profile)) 
                { 
                    throw new ArgumentNullException("profile", string.Format("profile is null for id {0}", id)); 
                } 
 
                var objProfile = GetProfile(profile); 
                if (objProfile == null) 
                { 
                    throw new NullReferenceException(string.Format("profile is null for id {0} and profile {1}", id, profile)); 
                } 
 
                lock (this) 
                { 
                    System.Web.HttpRuntime.Cache.Insert(id, obj, null, DateTime.Now.AddSeconds(objProfile.Duration), TimeSpan.Zero); 
                } 
            } 
 
            return this; 
        } 
         
        public bool NotExists(string id) 
        { 
            return GetFromCache(id) == null; 
        } 
         
        public Cache Remove(string id) 
        { 
            if (System.Web.HttpRuntime.Cache != null) 
            { 
                lock (this) 
                { 
                    System.Web.HttpRuntime.Cache.Remove(id); 
                } 
            } 
 
            return this; 
        } 
         
        public object Get(string id) 
        { 
            return GetFromCache(id); 
        } 
    } 

HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes. We have customers from around the globe, spread across every continent. We serve the hosting needs of the business and professional, government and nonprofit, entertainment and personal use market segments.



HostForLIFE.eu Proudly Launches Umbraco 7.5.7 Hosting

clock January 27, 2017 08:03 by author Peter

HostForLIFE.eu, a leading Windows web hosting provider with innovative technology solutions and a dedicated professional services team, today announced the support for Umbraco 7.5.7 hosting plan due to high demand of Umbraco users in Europe. The company has managed to build a strong client base in a very short period of time. It is known for offering ultra-fast, fully-managed and secured services in the competitive market.

 

HostForLIFE.eu hosts its servers in top class data centers that is located in Amsterdam, (NL), London, (UK), Washington, D.C. (US), Paris, (France), Frankfurt, (Germany), Chennai, (India), Milan, (Italy), Toronto, (Canada) and São Paulo, (Brazil) to guarantee 99.9% network uptime. All data centers feature redundancies in network connectivity, power, HVAC, security and fire suppression. All hosting plans from HostForLIFE.eu include 24×7 support and 30 days money back guarantee. HostForLIFE Umbraco hosting plan starts from just as low as €3.49/month only and this plan has supported ASP.NET Core 1.1, ASP.NET MVC 5/6 and SQL Server 2012/2014/2016.

Umbraco is a fully-featured open source content management system with the flexibility to run anything from small campaign or brochure sites right through to complex applications for Fortune 500's and some of the largest media sites in the world. Umbraco is strongly supported by both an active and welcoming community of users around the world, and backed up by a rock-solid commercial organization providing professional support and tools. Umbraco can be used in its free, open-source format with the additional option of professional tools and support if required.

Umbraco release that exemplifies our mission to continue to make Umbraco a bit simpler every day. The other change is that there's now a "ValidatingRequest" event you can hook into. This event allows you to "massage" any of the requests to ImageProcessor to your own liking. So if you'd want to never allow any requests to change BackgroundColor, you can cancel that from the event. Similarly if you have a predefined set of crops that are allowed, you could make sure that no other crop sizes will be processed than those ones you have defined ahead of time.

Further information and the full range of features Umbraco 7.5.7 Hosting can be viewed here: http://hostforlife.eu/European-Umbraco-757-Hosting



ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Action Filter In MVC

clock January 26, 2017 07:43 by author Peter

Action filter in MVC provides the option to handle the situations after we would really like to perform an operation before and after the execution of a controller action. For this purpose, we create a custom class, which inherits the FilterAttribute class and implements the IActionFilter interface. when creating the filter, we simply apply the class name as an attribute on the controller.

Here, the FilterAttribute class makes it possible to use the class as an attribute and IActionFilter interface contains two methods named OnActionExecuting and OnActionExecuted. The OnActionExecuting is executed before the controller method is executed and OnActionExecuted is called after the execution of the controller method. This kind of technique is quite helpful for the logging purposes. Thus, let's see how we can use this filter.
 
Let's start by adding a new class named MyActionFilter.cs. Now, derive this class from the FilterAttribute and the IActionFilter. Implement the  OnActionExecuting and OnActionExecuted methods and add your custom logic into the methods.Thus, the code will look as shown below. 
    public class MyActionFilter : FilterAttribute, IActionFilter 
    { 
        public void OnActionExecuted(ActionExecutedContext filterContext) 
        { 
            //Fires after the method is executed 
        } 
     
        public void OnActionExecuting(ActionExecutingContext filterContext) 
        { 
            //Fires before the action is executed 
        } 
    } 


Simply, apply the class as an attribute on the controller. Add debuggers on both the methods as well as the controller method.
    public class HomeController : Controller 
    { 
        [MyActionFilter] 
        public ActionResult Index() 
        { 
            return View(); 
        } 
     
        public ActionResult About() 
        { 
            ViewBag.Message = "Your application description page."; 
            return View(); 
        } 
     
        public ActionResult Contact() 
        { 
            ViewBag.Message = "Your contact page."; 
            return View(); 
        } 
    } 


Run the Application and debug step by step to see the order of execution of the methods. First, the OnActionExecuting will be executed, then the controller method and finally the OnActionExecuted method.

HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes. We have customers from around the globe, spread across every continent. We serve the hosting needs of the business and professional, government and nonprofit, entertainment and personal use market segments.



ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Button Loader Integration in ASP.NET MVC

clock January 19, 2017 08:29 by author Peter

Today, I will write about Button Loader Integration in ASP.NET MVC. User interaction & responsiveness are major aspects in any application. It is always good to tell the user that is happening in the application i.e. whether they have to wait for certain processing or they can proceed with another action,  etc.

Today, I shall be demonstrating the integration of a simple button loader plugin called Ladda, you can explore it more by visiting the website.

You can download the complete source code for this tutorial from here or you can follow step by step discussion below. The sample code is developed in Microsoft Visual Studio 2013 Ultimate.

Create new MVC web project and name it "ButtonLoader".

Download the Ladda plugin and incorporate its related JavaScript & CSS files into the project.

Create new controller under "Controller" folder and name it "LoaderController.cs".

Open "RouteConfig.cs" file under "App_Start" folder and change the default controller to "Loader" and action to "Index" as shown below.
    using System; 
    using System.Collections.Generic; 
    using System.Linq; 
    using System.Web; 
    using System.Web.Mvc; 
    using System.Web.Routing; 
    namespace ButtonLoader 
    { 
        public class RouteConfig 
        { 
            public static void RegisterRoutes(RouteCollection routes) 
            { 
                routes.IgnoreRoute("{resource}.axd/{*pathInfo}"); 
                routes.MapRoute(name: "Default", url: "{controller}/{action}/{id}", defaults: new 
                { 
                    controller = "Loader", action = "Index", id = UrlParameter.Optional 
                }); 
            } 
        } 
    } 

Create new file "LoaderViewModels.cs" under "Models" folder and place the following code in it:
    using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations; 
    namespace ButtonLoader.Models 
    { 
        public class LoaderViewModel 
        { 
            [Required] 
            [Display(Name = "Text")] 
            public string Text 
            { 
                get; 
                set; 
            } 
        } 
    } 

Here, we have created a simple model for observing our loader effect.
Now, open "LoaderController.cs" file under "Controller" folder and replace it with the following code:
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------  
    // <copyright file="LoaderController.cs" company="None"> 
    // Copyright (c) Allow to distribute this code.  
    // </copyright> 
    // <author>Asma Khalid</author> 
    //-----------------------------------------------------------------------  
    namespace ButtonLoader.Controllers 
    { 
        using System; 
        using System.Collections.Generic; 
        using System.Linq; 
        using System.Security.Claims; 
        using System.Threading; 
        using System.Threading.Tasks; 
        using System.Web; 
        using System.Web.Mvc; 
        using ButtonLoader.Models; 
        /// <summary> 
        /// Loader controller class.  
        /// </summary> 
        public class LoaderController: Controller 
        { 
            #region Index view method.#region Get: /Loader/Index 
            method. 
                /// <summary> 
                /// Get: /Loader/Index method.  
                /// </summary> 
                /// <returns>Return index view</returns> 
            public ActionResult Index() 
            { 
                try 
                {} 
                catch (Exception ex) 
                { 
                    // Info  
                    Console.Write(ex); 
                } 
                // Info.  
                return this.View(); 
            }#endregion# region POST: /Loader/Index 
                /// <summary> 
                /// POST: /Loader/Index  
                /// </summary> 
                /// <param name="model">Model parameter</param> 
                /// <returns>Return - Loader content</returns> 
                [HttpPost] 
                [AllowAnonymous] 
                [ValidateAntiForgeryToken] 
            public ActionResult Index(LoaderViewModel model) 
            { 
                try 
                { 
                    // Verification  
                    if (ModelState.IsValid) 
                    { 
                        // Sleep.  
                        Thread.Sleep(5000); // 5 sec.  
                        // Info.  
                        return this.Json(new 
                        { 
                            EnableSuccess = true, SuccessTitle = "Success", SuccessMsg = model.Text 
                        }); 
                    } 
                } 
                catch (Exception ex) 
                { 
                    // Info  
                    Console.Write(ex); 
                } 
                // Sleep.  
                Thread.Sleep(5000); // 5 sec.  
                // Info  
                return this.Json(new 
                { 
                    EnableError = true, ErrorTitle = "Error", ErrorMsg = "Something goes wrong, please try again later" 
                }); 
            }#endregion# endregion 
        } 
    } 
In the above code snippet, we have created a simple "HttpGet" & "HttpPost" methods to observer the behavior of the button loader. We have also placed a 5 sec delay in the post method at every response to observer the behavior of the button loader from server side as well.

Now, in "Views->Loader" folder create a new page called "Index.cshtml" and place the following code in it:
    @using ButtonLoader.Models  
    @model ButtonLoader.Models.LoaderViewModel  
    @{  
    ViewBag.Title = "ASP.NET MVC5 C#: Button Loader Integration";  
    }  
     
    <div class="row"> 
        <div class="panel-heading"> 
            <div class="col-md-8"> 
                <h3> 
                    <i class="fa fa-file-text-o"></i> 
                    <span>Bootstrap Modal with ASP.NET MVC5 C#</span> 
                </h3> 
            </div> 
        </div> 
    </div> 
    <div class="row"> 
        <section class="col-md-4 col-md-push-4"> 
            @using (Ajax.BeginForm("Index", "Loader", new AjaxOptions { HttpMethod = "POST", OnSuccess = "onLoaderSuccess" }, new { @id = "LoaderformId", @class = "form-horizontal", role = "form" }))  
            {  
                @Html.AntiForgeryToken()  
     
            <div class="well bs-component"> 
                <br /> 
                <div class="row"> 
                    <div class="col-md-12 col-md-push-2"> 
                        <div class="form-group"> 
                            <div class="col-md-10 col-md-pull-1"> 
                                @Html.TextBoxFor(m => m.Text, new { placeholder = Html.DisplayNameFor(m => m.Text), @class = "form-control" })  
                                @Html.ValidationMessageFor(m => m.Text, "", new { @class = "text-danger custom-danger" })  
                            </div> 
                        </div> 
                        <div class="form-group"> 
                            <div class="col-md-18"></div> 
                        </div> 
                        <div class="form-group"> 
                            <div class="col-md-4 col-md-push-2"> 
                                <div > 
                                    <button type="submit"  
                                        class="btn btn-warning ladda-button"  
                                        value="Process"  
                                        data-style="slide-down"> 
                                        <span class="ladda-label">Process</span> 
                                    </button> 
                                </div> 
                            </div> 
                        </div> 
                    </div> 
                </div> 
            </div> 
    }  
     
        </section> 
    </div> 
In the above code snippet, we have created a simple text input box and a button, for Ladda plugin to work however, you have to use following structure on button i.e.
    <button type="submit" class="btn btn-warning ladda-button" value="Process" data-style="slide-down"> 
        <span class="ladda-label">Process</span> 
    </button> 
Unfortunately, Ladda plugin does not work with input type buttons.

Under "Scripts" folder, create a new script called "custom-loader.js" and place the following code in it:
    $(document).ready(function() 
    { 
        Ladda.bind('.ladda-button'); 
        $("#LoaderformId").submit(function(event) 
        { 
            var dataString; 
            event.preventDefault(); 
            event.stopImmediatePropagation(); 
            var action = $("#LoaderformId").attr("action"); 
            // Setting.  
            dataString = new FormData($("#LoaderformId").get(0)); 
            contentType = false; 
            processData = false; 
            $.ajax( 
            { 
                type: "POST", 
                url: action, 
                data: dataString, 
                dataType: "json", 
                contentType: contentType, 
                processData: processData, 
                success: function(result) 
                { 
                    // Result.  
                    onLoaderSuccess(result); 
                }, 
                error: function(jqXHR, textStatus, errorThrown) 
                { 
                    //do your own thing  
                    alert("fail"); 
                    // Stop Button Loader.  
                    Ladda.stopAll(); 
                } 
            }); 
        }); //end .submit()  
    }); 
    var onLoaderSuccess = function(result) 
    { 
        if (result.EnableError) 
        { 
            // Clear.  
            $('#ModalTitleId').html(""); 
            $('#ModalContentId').html(""); 
            // Setting.  
            $('#ModalTitleId').append(result.ErrorTitle); 
            $('#ModalContentId').append(result.ErrorMsg); 
            // Show Modal.  
            $('#ModalMsgBoxId').modal( 
            { 
                backdrop: 'static', 
                keyboard: false 
            }); 
        } 
        else if (result.EnableSuccess) 
        { 
            // Clear.  
            $('#ModalTitleId').html(""); 
            $('#ModalContentId').html(""); 
            // Setting.  
            $('#ModalTitleId').append(result.SuccessTitle); 
            $('#ModalContentId').append(result.SuccessMsg); 
            // Show Modal.  
            $('#ModalMsgBoxId').modal( 
            { 
                backdrop: 'static', 
                keyboard: false 
            }); 
            // Resetting form.  
            $('#LoaderformId').get(0).reset(); 
        } 
        // Stop Button Loader.  
        Ladda.stopAll(); 
    } 

I have also combined modal here to display server response. The following piece of code will bind the button loader plugin with the button i.e.
    Ladda.bind('.ladda-button');  
So, whenever, I click the button the button loader will start. The following piece of code will stop the button loader effect whenever I receive a response from the server side:
    // Stop Button Loader.  
    Ladda.stopAll();  

   
Now, execute the application. I hope it works for you!

HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes. We have customers from around the globe, spread across every continent. We serve the hosting needs of the business and professional, government and nonprofit, entertainment and personal use market segments.



European ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: New Configuration and AppSetings for ASP.NET MVC 6

clock January 17, 2017 10:35 by author Scott

There’s a new place to put the app settings for your MVC6 ASP.NET Core application. Web.config is gone but the new solution is great, you get a dependency injected POCO with strongly typed settings instead!

New Settings File - appsettings.json

Instead of web.config, all your settings are now located in appsettings.json. Here’s what the default one looks like, though I’ve also added an AppSettings section:

{
  "AppSettings": {
    "BaseUrls": {
      "API": "https://localhost:44307/",
      "Auth": "https://localhost:44329/",
      "Web": https://localhost:44339/
    },
    "AnalyticsEnabled": true
  },
  "Data": {
    "DefaultConnection": {
      "ConnectionString": "Server=(localdb)\\mssqllocaldb;Database=aspnet5-AppSettings1-ad2c59cc-294a-4e72-bc31-078c88eb3a99;Trusted_Connection=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=true"
    }
  },
  "Logging": {
    "IncludeScopes": false,
    "LogLevel": {
      "Default": "Verbose",
      "System": "Information",
      "Microsoft": "Information"
    }
  }
}

Notice that we’re using JSON instead of XML now. This is pretty great with one big exception, No Intellisense.

Create an AppSettings class

If you’re used to using ConfigurationManager.AppSettings["MySetting"] in your controllers then you’re out of luck, instead you need to setup a class to hold your settings. As you can see above I like to add an “AppSettings” section to the config that maps directly to an AppSettings POCO. You can even nest complex classes as deep as you like:

public class AppSettings
{
    public BaseUrls BaseUrls { get; set; }
    public bool AnalyticsEnabled { get; set; }
}

public class BaseUrls
{
    public string Api { get; set; }
    public string Auth { get; set; }
    public string Web { get; set; }
}  

Configure Startup.cs

Now that we have a class to hold our settings, lets map the data from our appsettings.json. You can do it in a couple of ways

Automatically bind all app settings:

public IServiceProvider ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{           
    services.Configure<AppSettings>(Configuration.GetSection("AppSettings"));
}

or if you need to alter or transform anything you can assign each property manually:

public IServiceProvider ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)
{           
    services.Configure<AppSettings>(appSettings =>
    {
        appSettings.BaseUrls = new BaseUrls()
        {
            // Untyped Syntax - Configuration[""]
            Api = Configuration["AppSettings:BaseUrls:Api"],
            Auth = Configuration["AppSettings:BaseUrls:Auth"],
            Web = Configuration["AppSettings:BaseUrls:Web"],
        };               

        // Typed syntax - Configuration.Get<type>("")
        appSettings.AnalyticsEnabled = Configuration.Get<bool>("AppSettings:AnalyticsEnabled");
    });
}

Using the settings

Finally we can access our settings from within our controllers. We’ll be using dependency injection, so if you’re unfamiliar with that, get ready to learn!

public class HomeController : Controller
{
    private readonly AppSettings _appSettings;

    public HomeController(IOptions<AppSettings> appSettings)
    {
        _appSettings = appSettings.Value;
    }

    public IActionResult Index()
    {
        var webUrl = _appSettings.BaseUrls.Web;

        return View();
    }
}

There are a few important things to note here:

The class we are injecting is of type IOptions<AppSettings>. If you try to inject AppSettings directly it won’t work.

Instead of using the IOptions class throughout the code, instead I set the private variable to just AppSettings and assign it in the constructor using the .Value property of the IOptions class.

By the way, the IOptions class is essentially a singleton. The instance we create during startup is the same throughout the lifetime of the application.

While this is a lot more setup than the old way of doing things, I think it forces developers to code in a cleaner and more modular way.



ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How to Extend ASP.NET MVC AuthorizeAttribute?

clock January 12, 2017 07:28 by author Peter

Today, I will show you how to Extend ASP.NET MVC AuthorizeAttribute and how to Unit Test with ControllerActionInvoker. The reason for extending the AuthorizeAttribute class is that we might decide to store user credential information in a variety of differently data sources such as Active Directory, a database, an encrypted text file, etc…Or we might add custom logic to authorize a user.

OK, now we have set up our premises, let’s dive straight into the code for the subclass of AuthorizeAttribute:
    namespace SecurityDemo.Classes 
    { 
        [AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.All, AllowMultiple = false, Inherited = true)] 
        public class CustomAuthorizeAttribute: AuthorizeAttribute 
        { 
            public override voidOnAuthorization(AuthorizationContextfilterContext) 
            { 
                if (!filterContext.HttpContext.User.Identity.IsAuthenticated) 
                //the user is not allowed to execute the Action. An Unauthorized result is raised. 
                filterContext.Result = newHttpUnauthorizedResult(); 
                var roles = GetAuthorizedRoles(); 
                stringwindowLoginName = filterContext.HttpContext.User.Identity.Name; 
                //windowLoginName and ADGroup is expected to have this format "ABC\\XYZ" 
                stringdomainName = windowLoginName.Contains(@ "\") ?windowLoginName.Substring(0, windowLoginName.IndexOf(@"\ 
                ", System.StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase)) : windowLoginName; 
                windowLoginName = windowLoginName.Contains(@ "\") ? windowLoginName.Substring(windowLoginName.LastIndexOf(@ "\", System.StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) + 1): windowLoginName; boolisValidUser = false; 
                if (roles.Any(role => ADClass.IsUserInADGroup(windowLoginName, role.Substring(role.LastIndexOf(@ "\", System.StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) + 1), domainName))) //if window login belongs to AD group from config 
                { 
                    isValidUser = true; 
                } 
                elseif (roles.Any(role => windowLoginName.ToLower().Equals(role.Substring(role.LastIndexOf(@ "\", System.StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) + 1).ToLower()))) //if window login belongs to a user from config 
                { 
                    isValidUser = true; 
                } 
                if (isValidUser) 
                { 
                    return; 
                } 
                else 
                { 
                    HandleUnauthorizedRequest(filterContext); 
                } 
            } 
            protected override void HandleUnauthorizedRequest(AuthorizationContextfilterContext) 
            { 
                filterContext.Result = newViewResult 
                { 
                    ViewName = "~/Views/Shared/UnAuthorized.cshtml" 
                }; 
            } 
            //get list of authorized Active Directory groups and windows users from 
            // web.config 
            privateIEnumerable < string > GetAuthorizedRoles() 
            { 
                var appSettings = ConfigurationManager.AppSettings[this.Roles]; 
                if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(appSettings)) 
                { 
                    return new[] 
                    { 
                        "" 
                    }; 
                } 
                IEnumerable < string > rolesEnumerable = appSettings.Split(',').Select(s => s.Trim()); 
                return rolesEnumerable; 
            } 
        } 
    } 

 
In the sublassCustomAuthorizeAttribute above we override the OnAuthorization(Authorization Context filterContext) method and provide the logic to identify the windows login user, check the person against the list of authorized Active Directory groups and Windows users from web.config. We also override against the HandleUnauthorizedRequest(AuthorizationContextfilterContext) method to return a view for access denied. Of course, as mentioned, the authorization logic can be made as flexible and complex as possible according to specific business needs.

To use the extended attribute in a controller, we just apply to attribute to a method or class as in the below code snippet:
    public class ProductController: Controller 
    { 
        [CustomAuthorize(Roles = SystemRole.Administrators)] 
        public ActionResultIndex() 
        { 
            return View("Index"); 
        } 
        [CustomAuthorize(Roles = SystemRole.Administrators)] 
        public ActionResultDetails(int Id) 
        { 
            return View("Details"); 
        } 
    } 
    // a helper class to define roles 
    public class SystemRole 
    { 
        public const string Administrators = "Administrators"; 
        public cons tstring Sales = "Sales"; 
    } 

There we have it, we have come up with how to implement custom security as an attribute to be applied to a controller.

Unit Testing:
We can simply test our new security feature by launching the web application through the web browser after providing the access list in the web.config as mentioned in the beginning of the article. There is nothing wrong with that. However, if we need to get more fancy and methodical by doing some full unit testing using NUnit or Microsoft UnitTestFramework (which I’ll be using in this article) then there are a few challenges we’ll be facing. First is we’ll need to simulate a browser session with a full HttpContext with widows login, session, etc… and the way to do it is to use Mock object. The second challenge is how to invoke the action methods of a controller with our CustomAuthorizeAttribute applied. The way to do it is to extend a class calledControllerActionInvoker and override a method called InvokeActionResult(). Also if you need to invoke an action method with router parameters you also need to override the GetParameterValues() method as well. Well, one picture is worth a thousand words, so I present to you a “picture” of all the code (words) involved for the unit test:
    namespace UnitTestSecurityDemo 
    { 
        public class ActionInvokerExpecter < TResult > : ControllerActionInvokerwhereTResult: ActionResult 
        { 
            public boolIsUnAuthorized = false; 
            ///<summary> 
            /// override to get ViewName of controller in action 
            ///</summary> 
            ///<param name="controllerContext"></param> 
            ///<param name="actionResult"></param> 
            protected override voidInvokeActionResult(ControllerContextcontrollerContext, ActionResultactionResult) 
                { 
                    string viewName = ((System.Web.Mvc.ViewResult) actionResult).ViewName; 
                    IsUnAuthorized = viewName.ToLower().Contains("unauthorized"); 
                } 
                ///// <summary> 
                ///// override to get Routedata of controller in action 
                ///// </summary> 
                ///// <param name="controllerContext"></param> 
                ///// <param name="actionDescriptor"></param> 
                ///// <returns></returns> 
            protected overrideIDictionary < string, object > GetParameterValues(ControllerContextcontrollerContext, ActionDescriptoractionDescriptor) 
            { 
                return controllerContext.RouteData.Values; 
            } 
        } 
    } 
    namespace UnitTestSecurityDemo 
    { 
        [TestClass] 
        public class UnitTest1 
        { 
            [TestMethod] 
            public void TestIndexView() 
            { 
                var controller = new ProductController(); 
                MockAuthenticatedControllerContext(controller, @ "abc\jolndoe"); 
                ConfigurationManager.AppSettings.Set("Administrators", @ "abc\Group-ABC-App, abc\jolndoe1"); 
                ActionInvokerExpecter < ViewResult > a = newActionInvokerExpecter < ViewResult > (); 
                a.InvokeAction(controller.ControllerContext, "Index"); 
                Assert.IsTrue(a.IsUnAuthorized); 
            } 
            [TestMethod] 
            public void TestDetailsView() 
            { 
                //since the Details() action method of the controller has a router parameter, we need to pass 
                //router data in as below 
                var controller = newProductController(); 
                varrouteData = newRouteData(); 
                routeData.Values.Add("id", 3); 
                MockAuthenticatedControllerContextWithRouteData(controller, @ "abc\jolndoe", routeData); 
                ConfigurationManager.AppSettings.Set("Administrators", @ "abc\Group-ABC-App, abc\jolndoe"); 
                ActionInvokerExpecter < ViewResult > a = newActionInvokerExpecter < ViewResult > (); 
                a.InvokeAction(controller.ControllerContext, "Details"); 
                Assert.IsTrue(a.IsUnAuthorized); 
            } 
            private static void MockAuthenticatedControllerContext(ProductController controller, stringuserName) 
            { 
                HttpContextBasehttpContext = FakeAuthenticatedHttpContext(userName); 
                ControllerContext context = newControllerContext(newRequestContext(httpContext, newRouteData()), controller); 
                controller.ControllerContext = context; 
            } 
            private static void MockAuthenticatedControllerContextWithRouteData(ProductController controller, stringuserName, RouteDatarouteData) 
            { 
                HttpContextBasehttpContext = FakeAuthenticatedHttpContext(userName); 
                ControllerContext context = newControllerContext(newRequestContext(httpContext, routeData), controller); 
                controller.ControllerContext = context; 
            } 
            public static HttpContextBaseFakeAuthenticatedHttpContext(string username) 
            { 
                Mock < HttpContextBase > context = newMock < HttpContextBase > (); 
                Mock < HttpRequestBase > request = newMock < HttpRequestBase > (); 
                Mock < HttpResponseBase > response = newMock < HttpResponseBase > (); 
                Mock < HttpSessionStateBase > session = newMock < HttpSessionStateBase > (); 
                Mock < HttpServerUtilityBase > server = newMock < HttpServerUtilityBase > (); 
                Mock < IPrincipal > user = newMock < IPrincipal > (); 
                Mock < IIdentity > identity = newMock < IIdentity > (); 
                context.Setup(ctx => ctx.Request).Returns(request.Object); 
                context.Setup(ctx => ctx.Response).Returns(response.Object); 
                context.Setup(ctx => ctx.Session).Returns(session.Object); 
                context.Setup(ctx => ctx.Server).Returns(server.Object); 
                context.Setup(ctx => ctx.User).Returns(user.Object); 
                user.Setup(ctx => ctx.Identity).Returns(identity.Object); 
                identity.Setup(id => id.IsAuthenticated).Returns(true); 
                identity.Setup(id => id.Name).Returns(username); 
                returncontext.Object; 
            } 
        } 
    } 

HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting
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European ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Binding and Minification in SiteCore MVC

clock January 6, 2017 07:01 by author Scott

This is a quick blog post on how to implement bundling and minification in Sitecore MVC project.  During development phase, it is always good to have multiple Javascripts and CSS files for better readability and maintainability of code.  But multiple Javascripts and CSS files degrade the performance of production website and also increase the load time of webpages as it requires multiple HTTP requests from browser to server.  Bundling and minification reduce the size of Javascript and CSS files and bundle multiple files into a single file and make the site perform faster by making fewer HTTP requests. Below steps explain how to implement bundling and minification for Sitecore MVC project: 

1. Add Microsoft ASP.NET Web Optimization Framework to your solution from nuget or run the following command in the Package Manager Console to install Microsoft ASP.NET Web Optimization Framework.

PM> Install-Package Microsoft.AspNet.Web.Optimization

2. Create your CSS and Javascript bundles in “BundleConfig” class under App_Start folder and add reference of "System.Web.Optimization" namespace.

public class BundleConfig
    {
        public static void RegisterBundles(BundleCollection bundles)
        {
            //js bundling using wildcard character *
            bundles.Add(new ScriptBundle("~/bundles/js").Include("~/assets/js/*.js"));

            //css bundling using wildcard character *
            bundles.Add(new StyleBundle("~/bundles/css").Include("~/assets/css/*.css"));
        }
    }

3. Register bundle in the Application_Start method in the Global.asax file. If you are using Multi-site instance of Sitecore MVC then recommend way to implement bundling logic is by creating a new processor into the initialize pipeline. 

protected void Application_Start(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            BundleConfig.RegisterBundles(BundleTable.Bundles);
        }

We can override the value of the debug attribute in code by using EnableOptimizations property of the BundleTable class.

protected void Application_BeginRequest(object sender, EventArgs e)
        {
            EnableBundleOptimizations();
        }

        private void EnableBundleOptimizations()
        {
            string debugMode = Request.QueryString["debug"];
            if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(debugMode) && string.Equals(debugMode, "true", StringComparison.InvariantCultureIgnoreCase))
            {
                BundleTable.EnableOptimizations = false;
            }
            else
            {
                BundleTable.EnableOptimizations = true;
            }
        }

Here in Application_BeginRequest method of Global.asax I am calling one custom method EnableBundleOptimizations() which sets the value of EnableOptimizations property to true or false based on value of querystring “debug”. Main idea behind this logic is that we can check/debug CSS or Javascript file on production by passing querystring parameter debug as true. 

5. Replace Javascripts and CSS references in layout or rendering view with below code:

@Styles.Render("~/bundles/css")
@Styles.Render("~/bundles/js")

6. In web.config set an ignore url prefix for your bundle so that Sitecore won’t try to resolve the URL to the bundle. Update setting IgnoreUrlPrefixes according to your bundle name:

<setting name="IgnoreUrlPrefixes" value="/sitecore/default.aspx|/trace.axd|/webresource.axd|/sitecore/shell/Controls/Rich Text Editor/Telerik.Web.UI.DialogHandler.aspx|/sitecore/shell/applications/content manager/telerik.web.ui.dialoghandler.aspx|/sitecore/shell/Controls/Rich Text Editor/Telerik.Web.UI.SpellCheckHandler.axd|/Telerik.Web.UI.WebResource.axd|/sitecore/admin/upgrade/|/layouts/testing|/bundles/js|/bundles/css"/>

7. Now compile your solution and verify that bundling and minification is enabled by checking view source of webpage.

Pass querystring as debug=true in url and now verify view source of webpage. Bundling and minification is not enabled. This enables us to debug Javascript and CSS files in production website. 



European ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Custom Model Binders in ASP.NET MVC

clock December 22, 2016 06:31 by author Scott

In ASP.NET MVC, our system is built such that the interactions with the user are handled through Actions on our Controllers. We select our actions based on the route the user is using, which is a fancy way of saying that we base it on a pattern found in the URL they’re using. If we were on a page editing an object and we clicked the save button we would be sending the data to a URL somewhat like this one.

Notice that in our route that we have specified the name of the object that we’re trying to save. There is a default Model Binder for this in MVC that will take the form data that we’re sending and bind it to a CLR objects for us to use in our action. The standard Edit action on a controller looks like this.

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult Edit(int id, FormCollection collection)
{
    try
    {
        // TODO: Add update logic here
 
        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
    catch
    {
        return View();
    }
}

If we were to flesh some of this out the way it’s set up here, we would have code that looked a bit like this.

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult Edit(int id, FormCollection collection)
{
    try
    {
        Profile profile = _profileRepository.GetProfileById(id);

        profile.FavoriteColor = collection["favorite_color"];
        profile.FavoriteBoardGame = collection["FavoriteBoardGame"];

        _profileRepository.Add(profile);

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
    catch
    {
        return View();
    }
}

What is bad about this is that we are accessing the FormCollection object which is messy and brittle. Once we start testing this code it means that we are going to be repeating code similar to this elsewhere. In our tests we will need to create objects using these magic strings. What this means is that we are now making our code brittle. If we change the string that is required for this we will have to go through our code correcting them. We will also have to find them in our tests or our tests will fail. This is bad. What we should do instead is have these only appear on one place, our model binder. Then all the code we test is using CLR objects that get compile-time checking. To create our Custom Model Binder this is all we need to do is write some code like this.

public class ProfileModelBinder : IModelBinder
{
    ProfileRepository _profileRepository = new ProfileRepository();

    public object BindModel(ControllerContext controllerContext,
        ModelBindingContext bindingContext)
    {
        int id = (int)controllerContext.RouteData.Values["Id"];
        Profile profile = _profileRepository.GetProfileById(id);

        profile.FavoriteColor = bindingContext
            .ValueProvider
            .GetValue("favorite_color")
            .ToString();


        profile.FavoriteBoardGame = bindingContext
            .ValueProvider
            .GetValue("FavoriteBoardGame")
            .ToString();

        return profile;
    }
}

Notice that we are using the form collection here, but it is limited to this one location. When we test we will just have to pass in the Profile object to our action, which means that we don’t have to worry about these magic strings as much, and we’re also not getting into the situation where our code becomes so brittle that our tests inhibit change. The last thing we need to do is tell MVC that when it is supposed to create a Profile object that it is supposed to use this model binder. To do this, we just need to Add our binder to the collection of binders in the Application_Start method of our GLobal.ascx.cs file. It’s done like this. We say that this binder is for objects of type Profile and give it a binder to use.

ModelBinders.Binders.Add(typeof (Profile), new ProfileModelBinder());

Now we have a model binder that should let us keep the messy code out of our controllers. Now our controller action looks like this.

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult Edit(Profile profile)
{
    try
    {
        _profileRepository.Add(profile);

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
    catch
    {
        return View();
    }
}

That looks a lot cleaner to me, and if there were other things I needed to do during that action, I could do them without all of the ugly binding logic.

 



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