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European ASP.NET Core Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Multiple Models in Single View in MVC

clock February 7, 2020 10:31 by author Peter

In MVC we cannot pass multiple models from a controller to the single view. This article provides a workaround for multiple models in a single view in MVC.

Problem Statement

Suppose I have two models, Teacher and Student, and I need to display a list of teachers and students within a single view. How can we do this?

The following are the model definitions for the Teacher and Student classes.

public class Teacher  
{  
    public int TeacherId { get; set; }  
    public string Code { get; set; }  
    public string Name { get; set; }  
}   
  
public class Student  
{  
    public int StudentId { get; set; }  
    public string Code { get; set; }  
    public string Name { get; set; }  
    public string EnrollmentNo { get; set; }  
}  

The following are the methods that help us to get all the teachers and students.

private List<Teacher> GetTeachers()  
{  
    List<Teacher> teachers = new List<Teacher>();  
    teachers.Add(new Teacher { TeacherId = 1, Code = "TT", Name = "Peter" });  
    teachers.Add(new Teacher { TeacherId = 2, Code = "JT", Name = "Scott" });  
    teachers.Add(new Teacher { TeacherId = 3, Code = "RT", Name = "Paul" });  
    return teachers;  
}   
  
public List<Student> GetStudents()  
{  
    List<Student> students = new List<Student>();  
    students.Add(new Student { StudentId = 1, Code = "L0001", Name = "Thomas", EnrollmentNo = "201404150001" });  
    students.Add(new Student { StudentId = 2, Code = "L0002", Name = "Brian", EnrollmentNo = "201404150002" });  
    students.Add(new Student { StudentId = 3, Code = "L0003", Name = "Chester", EnrollmentNo = "201404150003" });  
    return students;  
}  

There are many ways to use multiple models with a single view. Here I will explain ways one by one.

1. Using Dynamic Model

ExpandoObject (the System.Dynamic namespace) is a class that was added to the .Net Framework 4.0 that allows us to dynamically add and remove properties onto an object at runtime. Using this ExpandoObject, we can create a new object and can add our list of teachers and students into it as a property. We can pass this dynamically created object to the view and render list of the teacher and student.

Controller Code

public class HomeController : Controller  
{  
    public ActionResult Index()  
    {  
        ViewBag.Message = "Welcome to my demo!";  
        dynamic mymodel = new ExpandoObject();  
        mymodel.Teachers = GetTeachers();  
        mymodel.Students = GetStudents();  
        return View(mymodel);  
    }  
}  

We can define our model as dynamic (not a strongly typed model) using the @model dynamic keyword.

View Code

@using MultipleModelInOneView;  
@model dynamic  
@{  
    ViewBag.Title = "Home Page";  
}  
<h2>@ViewBag.Message</h2>  
   
<p><b>Teacher List</b></p>  
   
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Teacher teacher in Model.Teachers)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@teacher.TeacherId</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Code</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Name</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table>  
   
<p><b>Student List</b></p>  
   
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
        <th>Enrollment No</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Student student in Model.Students)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@student.StudentId</td>  
            <td>@student.Code</td>  
            <td>@student.Name</td>  
            <td>@student.EnrollmentNo</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table>  

2. Using View Model

ViewModel is nothing but a single class that may have multiple models. It contains multiple models as a property. It should not contain any method. In the above example, we have the required View model with two properties. This ViewModel is passed to the view as a model. To get intellisense in the view, we need to define a strongly typed view.

public class ViewModel  
{  
    public IEnumerable<Teacher> Teachers { get; set; }  
    public IEnumerable<Student> Students { get; set; }  
}  

Controller code

public ActionResult IndexViewModel()  
{  
    ViewBag.Message = "Welcome to my demo!";  
    ViewModel mymodel = new ViewModel();  
    mymodel.Teachers = GetTeachers();  
    mymodel.Students = GetStudents();  
    return View(mymodel);  
}  

View code

@using MultipleModelInOneView;  
@model ViewModel   
@{  
    ViewBag.Title = "Home Page";  
}  
<h2>@ViewBag.Message</h2>  
   
<p><b>Teacher List</b></p>  
   
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Teacher teacher in Model.Teachers)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@teacher.TeacherId</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Code</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Name</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table>  
   
<p><b>Student List</b></p>  
   
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
        <th>Enrollment No</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Student student in Model.Students)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@student.StudentId</td>  
            <td>@student.Code</td>  
            <td>@student.Name</td>  
            <td>@student.EnrollmentNo</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table>  

3. Using ViewData
ViewData is used to transfer data from the controller to the view. ViewData is a dictionary object that may be accessible using a string as the key. Using ViewData, we can pass any object from the controller to the view. The Type Conversion code is required when enumerating in the view.
For the preceding example, we need to create ViewData to pass a list of teachers and students from the controller to the view.

Controller Code
public
 ActionResult IndexViewData()  

{  
    ViewBag.Message = "Welcome to my demo!";  
    ViewData["Teachers"] = GetTeachers();  
    ViewData["Students"] = GetStudents();  
    return View();  
}  

View Code

@using MultipleModelInOneView;  
@{  
    ViewBag.Title = "Home Page";  
}  
<h2>@ViewBag.Message</h2>  
 <p><b>Teacher List</b></p>   
@{  
  
   IEnumerable<Teacher> teachers = ViewData["Teachers"] as IEnumerable<Teacher>;  
   IEnumerable<Student> students = ViewData["Students"] as IEnumerable<Student>;  
}  
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Teacher teacher in teachers)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@teacher.TeacherId</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Code</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Name</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table>  
 <p><b>Student List</b></p>  
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
        <th>Enrollment No</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Student student in students)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@student.StudentId</td>  
            <td>@student.Code</td>  
            <td>@student.Name</td>  
            <td>@student.EnrollmentNo</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table>  

4. Using ViewBag
ViewBag is similar to ViewData and is also used to transfer data from the controller to the view. ViewBag is a dynamic property. ViewBag is just a wrapper around the ViewData.

Controller Code

public ActionResult IndexViewBag()  
{  
    ViewBag.Message = "Welcome to my demo!";  
    ViewBag.Teachers = GetTeachers();  
    ViewBag.Students = GetStudents();  
    return View();  
}  

View Code

@using MultipleModelInOneView;  
@{  
    ViewBag.Title = "Home Page";  
}  
<h2>@ViewBag.Message</h2>  
   
<p><b>Teacher List</b></p>  
   
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Teacher teacher in ViewBag.Teachers)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@teacher.TeacherId</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Code</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Name</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table>  
   
<p><b>Student List</b></p>  
   
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
        <th>Enrollment No</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Student student in ViewBag.Students)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@student.StudentId</td>  
            <td>@student.Code</td>  
            <td>@student.Name</td>  
            <td>@student.EnrollmentNo</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table> 

5. Using Tuple

A Tuple object is an immutable, fixed-size and ordered sequence object. It is a data structure that has a specific number and sequence of elements. The .NET framework supports tuples up to seven elements. Using this tuple object we can pass multiple models from the controller to the view.

Controller Code

public ActionResult IndexTuple() 
{  
    ViewBag.Message = "Welcome to my demo!";  
    var tupleModel = new Tuple<List<Teacher>, List<Student>>(GetTeachers(), GetStudents());  
    return View(tupleModel);  
}  

View Code

@using MultipleModelInOneView;  
@model Tuple <List<Teacher>, List <Student>>  
@{  
    ViewBag.Title = "Home Page";  
}  
<h2>@ViewBag.Message</h2>   
<p><b>Teacher List</b></p>  
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Teacher teacher in Model.Item1)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@teacher.TeacherId</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Code</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Name</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table>  
<p><b>Student List</b></p>  
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
        <th>Enrollment No</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Student student in Model.Item2)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@student.StudentId</td>  
            <td>@student.Code</td>  
            <td>@student.Name</td>  
            <td>@student.EnrollmentNo</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table>  

6. Using Render Action Method
A Partial View defines or renders a partial view within a view. We can render some part of a view by calling a controller action method using the Html.RenderAction method. The RenderAction method is very useful when we want to display data in the partial view. The disadvantages of this method is that there are only multiple calls of the controller.


In the following example, I have created a view (named partialView.cshtml) and within this view I called the html.RenderAction method to render the teacher and student list.

Controller Code

public ActionResult PartialView()  
{  
    ViewBag.Message = "Welcome to my demo!";  
    return View();  
}  
   
/// <summary>  
/// Render Teacher List  
/// </summary>  
/// <returns></returns>  
public PartialViewResult RenderTeacher()  
{  
    return PartialView(GetTeachers());  
}  
   
/// <summary>  
/// Render Student List  
/// </summary>  
/// <returns></returns>  
public PartialViewResult RenderStudent()  
{  
    return PartialView(GetStudents());  
 

View Code

@{ 
   ViewBag.Title = "PartialView";  
<h2>@ViewBag.Message</h2>  
<div>  
    @{  
        Html.RenderAction("RenderTeacher");  
        Html.RenderAction("RenderStudent");  
    }  
</div>  

RenderTeacher.cshtml

@using MultipleModelInOneView;  
@model IEnumerable<MultipleModelInOneView.Teacher>  
 <p><b>Teacher List</b></p>  
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Teacher teacher in Model)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@teacher.TeacherId</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Code</td>  
            <td>@teacher.Name</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
  1. </table>  

RenderStudent.cshtml

@using MultipleModelInOneView;  
@model IEnumerable<MultipleModelInOneView.Student>   
  
<p><b>Student List</b></p>  
<table>  
    <tr>  
        <th>Id</th>  
        <th>Code</th>  
        <th>Name</th>  
        <th>Enrollment No</th>  
    </tr>  
    @foreach (Student student in Model)  
    {  
        <tr>  
            <td>@student.StudentId</td>  
            <td>@student.Code</td>  
            <td>@student.Name</td>  
            <td>@student.EnrollmentNo</td>  
        </tr>  
    }  
</table> 

Conclusion

This article helps us to learn how to pass multiple models from the controller to the view. I hope this will be helpful for beginners.



ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Display Mode Provider in MVC 5 Application

clock January 22, 2020 10:19 by author Peter

This article will solve a problem. Display modes in ASP.NET MVC 5 provide a way of separating page content from the way it is rendered on various devices, like web, mobile, iPhone, iPod and Windows Phones. All you need to do is to define a display mode for each device, or class of devices.

First you create a model and context class. We create an Employee class that has the following properties like.
    public class Employee 
    { 
        public Guid ID { get; set; } 
        [Display(Name="First Name")] 
        public string FirstName { get; set; } 
        [Display(Name = "Last Name")] 
        public string LastName { get; set; } 
        [Display(Name = "Department")] 
        public string Department { get; set; } 
        [Display(Name = "Salary")] 
        public double Salary { get; set; } 
        [Display(Name = "Address")] 
        public string Address { get; set; } 
    }


And second is the context class like this that inherits the DbContext class.
    public class DBConnectionContext:DbContext 
    {         
       public DBConnectionContext(): base("name=dbContext") 
       { 
             Database.SetInitializer(new DropCreateDatabaseIfModelChanges 
             <DBConnectionContext>()); 
       } 
            public DbSet<Employee> Employees { get; set; } 
    }


If you want to recreate data every time the model changes, add these lines of code.
    Database.SetInitializer(new DropCreateDatabaseIfModelChanges<DbConnectionContext>());

You also have a web config file. We configure connectionStrings in the Web.Config file.
    <connectionStrings> 
    <add name="dbContext" connectionString="Data Source=localhost; Initial Catalog=CommonDataBase; Integrated Security=true"  
          providerName="System.Data.SqlClient" /> 
     </connectionStrings>


Then you create a controller class in a controller folder and edit the name as HomeController. Add a Scaffold to select a MVC 5 Controller with Views, using Entity Framework.

DisplayModes

DisplayModes give you another level of flexibility on top of the default capabilities we saw in the last section. DisplayModes can also be used along with the previous feature so we will simply build off of the site we just created. Let's say we wanted to show an alternate view for the Windows Phone 8, iPhone, iPod or Android.

Windows Phone 8 DisplayMode

Now that you have made the override files, you can use a DisplayMode to show them for the appropriate phones.

The best time to set this up is when the application starts. Here is our global.asax.cs, with the DisplayMode setup.
    DisplayModeProvider.Instance.Modes.Insert(1, new DefaultDisplayMode("WP") 
    { 
        ContextCondition = (ctx => ctx.GetOverriddenUserAgent() 
        .IndexOf("Windows Phone OS", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) > 0)   
     }); 
      
    DisplayModeProvider.Instance.Modes.Insert(1, new DefaultDisplayMode("iPhone") 
    { 
        ContextCondition = (ctx => ctx.GetOverriddenUserAgent() 
        .IndexOf("iPhone", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) > 0)   
    }); 
      
    DisplayModeProvider.Instance.Modes.Insert(1, new DefaultDisplayMode("Android") 
    { 
        ContextCondition = (ctx => ctx.GetOverriddenUserAgent() 
        .IndexOf("Android", StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) > 0)   
    }); 

The DisplayModeProvider Class
DisplayModeProvider holds a list of DefaultDisplayMode obejects, each representing display mode. And the provider holds the two display modes, default and mobile. The default display mode in an empty string and the second holds the mobile string.


We just create multiple View with [View].Android.cshtml, [View].iPhone.cshtml and so on for every device such as:

We create an index for iPhone and create a new employee in iPhone Index.iPhone.cshtml and Create.iPhone.cshtml.


We create an index for Windows Phone and create a new employee in the Windows Phone Index.WP.cshtml Create.WP.cshtml.


We create an index for Android and create a new employee in Windows Phone Index.Android.cshtml Create.Android.cshtml.



ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Prepare a Custom JSON Format in MVC or Remove JSON Key

clock January 9, 2020 11:15 by author Peter

This post explains how to remove a JSON key in JSON result in MVC or C#

We can create our own converter class:
    public class JsonKeysConverter : JsonConverter 
    { 
        public override void WriteJson(JsonWriter writer, object value, JsonSerializer serializer) 
        { 
            Module o = (Module)value; 
            JObject newObject = new JObject(new JProperty(o.Name, o.Permission)); 
            newObject.WriteTo(writer); 
        } 
     
        public override object ReadJson(JsonReader reader, Type objectType, object existingValue, JsonSerializer serializer) 
        { 
            throw new NotImplementedException("The type will skip the converter."); 
        } 
     
        public override bool CanRead 
        { 
            get { return false; } 
        } 
     
        public override bool CanConvert(Type objectType) 
        { 
            return true; 
        } 
    } 
     
    [JsonConverter(typeof(JsonKeysConverter))] 
    public class Module 
    { 
        public string Name { get; set; } 
        public string[] Permission { get; set; } 
    } 
     
    public class Role 
    { 
        public class Roles 
        { 
            public Dictionary<string, List<string>> Modules {get; set;} 
        } 
    } 
     
    public static string json() 
    { 
            var oRoles = new Roles(); 
            oRoles.modules = new Module[] { 
                new Module(){ 
                    Name="Page-Profile", 
                    Permission=new string[]{ "Edit","View","Delete"} 
                }, 
                new Module(){ 
                    Name="User", 
                    Permission=new string[]{ "Edit","View","Delete","Update"} 
                } 
            }; 
            var json = Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.SerializeObject(oRoles); 
         
                     
            Dictionary<string, List<string>> modules = new Dictionary<string, List<string>>(); 
            modules.Add("Page-Profile", new List<string>() { "Edit", "View", "Delete"}); 
            modules.Add("User", new List<string>() { "Edit", "View", "Delete", "Update"}); 
             
            return JsonConvert.SerializeObject(modules);  


Output
{"Page-Profile":["Edit","View","Delete"],"User":["Edit","View","Delete","Update"]}  



ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting United Kingdom - HostForLIFE.eu :: Compressing an ASP.NET MVC Response Manually

clock December 19, 2019 04:21 by author Peter

This post is regarding compression your http result while not using IIS Dynamic Compression. And this is code to compress ASP.NET MVC 6 Response Manually:

using System;
using System.IO.Compression;
using System.Web;
namespace WebCompressionSample
{
    public static class ResponseCompressor
    {
        public static void Compress(HttpContext context)
        {
           {
               return;
            }
            string acceptEncoding = context.Request.Headers["Accept-Encoding"];
            if (string.IsNullOrEmpty(acceptEncoding))
            {
                return;
            }
            if (acceptEncoding.IndexOf("gzip",
                StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) > -1)
            {
                       context.Response.Filter = new GZipStream(
                       context.Response.Filter, CompressionMode.Compress);
                       context.Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "gzip");

            }
            else if (acceptEncoding.IndexOf("deflate",
                StringComparison.OrdinalIgnoreCase) > -1)
            {
                    context.Response.Filter = new DeflateStream(
                    context.Response.Filter, CompressionMode.Compress);
                   context.Response.AppendHeader("Content-Encoding", "deflate");
            }
        }
    }
}

Well, this shows a way to do the compression itself. Looking on however you are doing ASP.NET MVC, you most likely can call it otherwise.In my case, I referred to as it manually from an ASP.NET Webforms PageMethod (more on why below), however if you're using ASP.NET MVC for instance, you most likely wish to wrap it in an ActionFilter and apply that to the action you wish to compress its output. Let me apprehend within the comments or on twitter if you've got a problem implementing it in a particular situation.

IIS 7+ has built in dynamic compression support (compressing output of server-side scripts like ASP.NET, PHP, etc.). It’s not by default as a result of compression dynamic content means that running the compression for each request (because it doesn’t know what the server-side script can generate for each request, the purpose of using server-side programming is generating dynamic content).

Static compression on the opposite side (caching static files like styles and scripts) is on by default as a result of once the static resource is compressed, the compressed version is cached and served for each future request of an equivalent file (unless the file changes of course). I’d say if your server side scripts expect to come large text-based content (say, large data, even when paging, etc. like large reports or whatever), always turn dynamic compression on, a minimum of for the pages that expect to come massive data sets of text.

In several cases though the majority of huge files will be scripts (and probably images) will be the larger components though, which are usually taken care of (for scripts for example) by IIS static compression or ASP.NET Bundling.



ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How to Use Google Calendar API?

clock December 6, 2019 11:27 by author Peter

In this article I will show you how to use Google Calendar in ASP.NET MVC. Google APIs use the OAuth 2.0 protocol for authentication and authorization. Google supports common OAuth 2.0 scenarios such as those for web server, installed, and client-side applications.It's more easily to log in your application via OAuth and OpenID provider in  ASP.NET MVC 4 now. Microsoft has few build-in client for Microsoft, Twitter, Facebook, Google. The Google client is based on OpenID and not OAuth. That's mean you can not access Google Data API.

In order to access Google Data API for web application. You need to register a Client ID to get Client ID an Client Secret for setting in your application.

You need to assign redirect URIs for grap OAuth access token callback also. Here we setup Rirect URIs as http://localhost:57271/Account/ExternalLoginCallback.

Google Client Library for .NET

The Google APIs Client Library for .NET is generic .NET runtime client for Google Services. The library supports OAuth2.0 authentication, and is able to generate strongly typed client libraries for Discovery-based services. Google Client library is a higher level library for using Google Data API. You can download beta version from Nuget in visual studio. It's more difficult to handle Google Client Library for .NET with few documents and sample now. Here, just using Google.Apis.Calendar.v3.Data namespace to our strong type class for data binding in deserialize object from API response.

    private Event GoogleEventHandle(string token, string method, string requestURL, string requestBody = null)
        {
            var jsonSerializer = new JavaScriptSerializer();
            var request = WebRequest.Create(requestURL) as HttpWebRequest;
            request.KeepAlive = true;
            request.ContentType = "application/json";
            request.Method = method;
            request.Headers.Add("Authorization", "Bearer " + token);

            if(requestBody != null)
            {
                Stream ws = request.GetRequestStream();
                using (var streamWriter = new StreamWriter(ws, new UTF8Encoding(false)))
                {
                    streamWriter.Write(requestBody);
                }
            }

            var response = request.GetResponse();
            var stream = new StreamReader(response.GetResponseStream());

            var googleEvent = Newtonsoft.Json.JsonConvert.DeserializeObject(stream.ReadToEnd().Trim());

            return googleEvent; 
        }

        private Event CreateGoogleEvent(string token, string calendarId, string requestBody)
        {
            var requestURL = string.Format("https://www.googleapis.com/calendar/v3/calendars/{0}/events", calendarId);
            return GoogleEventHandle(token, "POST", requestURL, requestBody);             
        }

Above is methods how we are accessing Google Calendar v3 API via webrequest. Now, we are be able to access Google Calendar API via OAuth. Nest step, we will create a simple CRUD UI by AngularJS.


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offer a highly redundant, carrier-class architecture, designed around the needs of shared hosting customers.



ASP.NET MVC Hosting UK - HostForLIFE.eu :: How to Use Automapper with ASP.NET MVC Application

clock November 8, 2019 11:20 by author Peter

At this moment, I will show you How to Use Automapper with ASP.NET MVC Application. Automapper could be a convention primarily based object - object mapper. it's offered in GitHub. Here I make a case for about a way to use Automapper to map between domain model objects and think about model objects in ASP.NET MVC applications.  Install Automapper to the project through Nuget.

Consider there's a powerfully typed view that expects a model object of type EmployeeViewModel. thus after querying with the Emplyee model object, we want to map this to EmployeeViewModel object.
public class Employee
   {
      public int EmployeeId { get; set; }
      public string EmployeeName { get; set; }
    }

And my employee view model
public class EmployeeViewModel
    {
        public int EmployeeId { get; set; }
        public string EmployeeName { get; set; }

    }

The use of AutoMapper
AutoMapper is designed within the web project. to form this more maintainable, create a folder (say Mappings) within the solution. Here we will produce 2 profile classes.  One for mapping from domain model object to look at model object and another one for reverse mapping.

public class DomainToViewModelMappingProfile : Profile
    {
        public override string ProfileName
        {
            get { return "DomainToViewModelMappings"; }
        }
        protected override void Configure()
        {
            Mapper.CreateMap<Employee, EmployeeViewModel>();
        }
    }
public class ViewModelToDomainMappingProfile : Profile
    {
        public override string ProfileName
        {
            get { return "ViewModelToDomainMappings"; }
        }
        protected override void Configure()
        {
            Mapper.CreateMap<EmployeeViewModel, Employee>();
        }
    }

Now create a configuration class within Mappings folder.
public class AutoMapperConfiguration
    {
        public static void Configure()
        {
            Mapper.Initialize(x =>
            {
                x.AddProfile<DomainToViewModelMappingProfile>();
                x.AddProfile<ViewModelToDomainMappingProfile>();
            });
        }
    }

And then call this configuration from global.asax.
AutoMapperConfiguration.Configure();

And from the controller simply map the employeeObject (domain model object) to employeeViewModelObject (view model object).
var employeeViewModelObject = Mapper.Map<Employee, EmployeeViewModel>(employeeObject);

In advanced situation we will even customise the configuration. for instance we will map a specific property from source to destination.
Mapper.CreateMap<X, XViewModel>()
.ForMember(x => x.Property1, opt => opt.MapFrom(source => source.PropertyXYZ));

Automapper provides extremely an improved and straightforward way to map between objects.



Silverlight 6 Hosting Netherlands - Cookie with JavaScript in Silverlight

clock November 1, 2019 11:07 by author Peter

Cookies are knowledge stored by the web browser, as easy as that. you'll be able to save something; yes I said anything, in cookies. I will conjointly do that through Silverlight itself, except for fun let's attempt doing it with JavaScript Silverlight 6. With this method we tend to follow, we'll be accessing JavaScript's function from Silverlight. This sometime becomes a headache for many developers.

The first step towards setting cookies through JavaScript, is to call the JavaScript function from Silverlight. Calling a JavaScript function from Silverlight is extremely straightforward. to know this, and more forthcoming things, produce a brand new Silverlight application "JavaScriptTweaks". Open JavaScriptTweaksTestpage.aspx, and add the subsequent code somewhere with <head> tag:
<script type="text/javascript">
    function SayHello()
   {
        alert("Hello!");
   }
</script>

Next step in the mainpage.cs inside the constructor add the code below:
HtmlPage.Window.Invoke("SayHello");
When you run the application, what you will see is a message box that pops up saying Hello at the very beginning of the app.

Now, we want to Setting the Cooking. Remove the SayHello function from the JavaScript. Write the following code:
function SetCookie(cookieName, cookieValue, Days)
{           
    var todayDate = new Date();
    var expireDate = new Date();
    if (Days == null || Days == 0) Days = 1;
    expire.setTime(todayDate.getTime() + 3600000 * 24 * Days);
    document.cookie = cookieName + ":" + cookieValue
    + ";expires=" + expireDate.toGMTString();          
}
Next step, call the function SetCookie with this code:
HtmlPage.Window.Invoke("SetCookie", "Name", "Peter", 5);


On the code above will call SetCookie function with the parameters cookieName "Name", cookieValue "Peter" and validity, in other words Days as "5". Line #5 of the function will set the expiry time period of cookies, which is in milliseconds and is about 432000000 for 5 days. Line #6 of the function will set the cookie's information like, its Name, Value and Expiry date. Our cookie is set to give information.

Now, we want to retrieve the information. Create three buttons in the XAML of the main page, 1 for each setcookie, getcookie and deletecookie.

Copy the function on the main page to the click event of the SetCookie Button.  And here is the code that I used:
function GetCookie(cookieName)
{
   var allcookies = document.cookie;
   // Get all the cookies in an array
   var cookiearray = allcookies.split(';');
   for (var i = 0; i < cookiearray.length; i++)
   {
       var nameOfCookie = cookiearray[i].split('=')[0];
       if (cookieName == nameOfCookie)
       {
           return cookiearray[i];
    }
 }
           return null;
}

Pass in the cookie name (which in our case is "Name") &  the function can return the entire cookie. On the GetCookie button select event and we should call this function. Write the following code:
private void ButtonGet_OnClick(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    var cookie = HtmlPage.Window.Invoke("GetCookie", "Name");
    if (cookie == null)
    {
        MessageBox.Show("No cookie found");
        return;
    }
    MessageBox.Show(cookie.ToString().Split('=').LastOrDefault());
}

This will pop up a message box, showing the value of the cookie specified. Since I have my cookie as "name=Peter" it shows me "Peter".
Finally we want delete a cookie. You need to set the expiry date to a previous date. That can be done thorugh JavaScript's function as follows:
function DeleteCookie(cookieName)
{
    var exp = new Date();
    exp.setTime(exp.getTime() - 1);
    document.cookie = cookieName + "=;expires=" + exp.toGMTString();
}
In the delete button click event call this function as:
private void ButtonDelete_OnClick(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    HtmlPage.Window.Invoke("DeleteCookie", "Name");
}


Pass within the name of the cookie you wish to delete and bang! it'll be deleted. currently simply do this. Click on SetCookie, it'll set the cookie for you. now click on GetCookie to verify whether or not it did set a cookie or not, you ought to see the value of the cookie within the message box. Click on Deletecookie to delete the cookie. Finally click on Getcookie button once more, if everything worked fine then you ought to see a message within the message box saying: "No cookie found".

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ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: ASP.NET MVC 5 Create Shared Razor Layout And ViewStart

clock October 25, 2019 09:18 by author Peter

In article, I have shared a way to create a Layout Razor and ViewStart in ASP.NET MVC 5.
 
Views/Shared
You need to create a shared folder, "Shared" in the Views directory.
 
Go Views/Shared directory and create new _LayoutPage1.cshtml file and write the following below code.
    <!DOCTYPE html> 
     
    <html> 
    <head> 
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" /> 
        <title>@ViewBag.Title</title> 
    </head> 
    <body> 
        <div> 
            @RenderBody() 
        </div> 
    </body> 
    </html> 


The @RenderBody()
Use display content in multiple controllers to View.

Example you can have a fixed header and footer in the page. Only change will be the content of the RenderBody() called in the code.
    <html> 
    <head> 
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width" /> 
        <title>@ViewBag.Title</title> 
    </head> 
    <body> 
        <div class="header"> 
            <!--code header fixed--> 
        </div> 
        <div> 
            @RenderBody() 
        </div> 
        <div class="footer"> 
            <!--code footer fixed--> 
        </div> 
    </body> 
    </html> 


So you have fixed the (header/footer) for the website.
 
Okay, you need using _LayoutPage1.cshtml, so you to Views/Home/index.cshtml. Open it, pass the following below code.
    @{ 
        ViewBag.Title = "Index"; 
        Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_LayoutPage1.cshtml"; 
    } 


_ViewStart.cshtml used to define the layout for the website. You can set the layout settings as well, if HomeController is using Layout.
 
_LayoutHome.cshtml or AdminController is _LayoutAdmin.cshtml
    //Views/ViewStart.cshtml 
    @{ 
        Layout = "~/Views/Shared/_LayoutPage1.cshtml"; 
    } 


You can configuration _ViewStart.cshtml the following below code.
    @{ 
     
        string CurrentName = Convert.ToString(HttpContext.Current.Request.RequestContext.RouteData.Values["Controller"]); 
        string clayout = ""; 
        switch (CurrentName) 
        { 
            case "Home": 
                clayout = "~/Views/Shared/_LayoutHome.cshtml"; 
                break; 
            default: 
                //Admin layout   
                clayout = "~/Views/Shared/_LayoutAdmin.cshtml"; 
                break; 
        } 
        Layout = clayout; 
     
    } 

This gives you an idea, how to use a Razor layout in various pages.

 



ASP.NET MVC 5 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: What is And Why We Do State Management In ASP.NET MVC

clock October 17, 2019 11:58 by author Peter

If your website consists of multiple pages and you want to share the data appearing on the 2nd page to the 4th page, then you will have to use State Management feature of ASP.NET. Since our whole communication through the internet is done using HTTP Protocol and when a client(Browser) sends request to the server then it establishes a connection using HTTP and server gives the response, after that, connection will be disconnected. Actually each time a connection is created for a request and after the response it will be disconnected, which means if you have some data on first page and want to get it on the 10th, then it will be impossible to do it without state management feature. If you don’t use this feature then you will have to go the database for each single request(if you require data) which creates huge network traffic with increasing number of users.

You can manage the state by the following ways,

    Client Side State Management

        Cookie
        QueryString
        Hidden Form Field

    Server Side State Management

        Session
        TempData

Note
Client Side Management means nothing will be stored on server side but on client side and reverse will happen on server side. (i.e. all data will be on server side)
 
Client Side State Management
 
Cookie
 
Cookie is a text file with some information in it, generated by the most websites that you visit and then saved it in your browser(folder or subfolder) if you have enabled the cookie option.
 
Advantages

    All information is stored on client side.
    With cookie you can use the remember me option, some websites that you visit first time which then asks you or you can choose a language of your choice and then the information on website appears in that particular language every time you visit(depends upon expiry date). Also, you have seen some time, that this kind of option will work on your machine(laptop) not on your other devices, so behind the scenario there is a cookie.

Disadvantages

    You can disable cookies in your browser settings. This is a major drawback and if you have use cookies in your site for some features then it will cost you badly.
    Less secure since you can view the data in cookies by opening DevTools(in chrome)

Cookie types

    Persistent (Can specify expiry time)
    Non Persistent(Use for sessions and will expire as the browser or tab is closed in which the web app is opened)

The recommended Data limit: 4096bytes(4kb). Size should not exceed this value as you send data (>4KB) using cookie on every request, then more broadband is used because in some scenarios uploading speed can be lesser.
 
QueryString
 
With QueryString, you can specify the data in the URL tab.

    Starts with a question mark(?)
    If there are two values that you are sending, then it will be separated with &.

    There is no limit on length of queryString but the most recommended length for query string is 1024 characters. Try your queryString to be in that range because some web servers will through 413 error(Entity too long to respond)

Advantages

    Can’t be disabled by client
    Can be used to share information between pages and most suitable where the information is static(remains static for whole website)

    e.g.You request to go the specific page but the login is required and you fill the form successfully and then redirected to page where you were before login.

Disadvantages

    You require information on 4th page which is present on 1st page, then you will have to fetch the info again from the database and then send it(if the data is dynamic or changed in recent activity)
    The information that we send using QueryString gets visible to all users so it can’t be used to send sensitive data but if require then encrypt it then send.(an extra effort)

Hidden Field

    Share information between multiple requests on same page.
    If there is Single page application(SAP) or there is a page like login page where you given three attempts to user for entering right username and password then you can use it as a counter.

 
Advantages
 
Can’t be disabled by client.
 
Disadvantages
 
Need Encryption because the value can be seen by using DevTools of browser.



ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Preventing Cross Site Request Forgery In MVC

clock September 26, 2019 11:14 by author Peter

What is Cross-Site Request Forgery
Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) is a process in which a user first signs on to a genuine website (e.g. facebook.com) and after successful login, the user opens another website (malicious website) in the same browser.
 
Both websites are opened in the same browser. Malicious website will display some links to the user and asks the user to click on those links. User clicks on the links displayed on a malicious website, the malicious website sends a request using the existing session of genuine website. Web server of genuine website treats this request as a valid request and assumes that it is coming from a valid user so it executes the request and provides a proper response. A malicious website can perform harmful operations on genuine website.
 
In order to solve this problem, we expect the Action Method of genuine website to recognize the source of the request, whether the request is coming from genuine website or from a malicious website. This can be achieved by using the [ValidateAntiForgeryToken] attribute in ASP.Net MVC.
 
How to Implement CSRF Security in MVC
In order to implement CSRF security in MVC, first, we need to use HTML helper @Html.AntiForgeryToken() in view. It should be placed inside the BeginForm() method in view.
 
Next, we need to add [ValidateAntiForgeryToken] attribute on the action method which will accept HTTP post request. We need to do only these 2 changes and now MVC will prevent CSRF attacks.
 
How ValidateAntiForgeryToken works
How ValidateAntiForgeryToken prevents CSRF attacks?


First, the user will open genuine website in the browser. User login to genuine website. After login, genuine website sends Authentication cookie and Verification token. Verification token has randomly generated alphanumeric values. The verification token is stored in the cookie as well as in hidden field on client-side. When HTML form is submitted to the server, the verification token is submitted as a cookie as well as a hidden field. On the server-side, both are checked if they are same or not? If both are same then request is valid. If they are different or one of them is missing then request is treated as invalid request and will be rejected automatically by MVC.
 
When a user opens a malicious website in a new tab of the same browser, the malicious website will display some links and ask the user to click on those links. This website already has a script to send the request to genuine website. When the user clicks on links, the malicious website sends a request to genuine website. Since request is being sent to genuine website, the browser automatically submits Authentication cookie to Action method of genuine website but here, the hidden field is missing. The Action method has [ValidateAntiForgeryToken] attribute so it checks whether Authentication cookie and hidden field has same value but here, the hidden field is missing so the request is treated as invalid and it is rejected by MVC.
 
Practical Implementation
Wherever you have a Form, use @Html.AntiForgeryToken() inside the form and action method for accepting the HTTP Post should have ValidateAntiForgeryToken attribute. These are the only change, the rest of the process will be taken care of by ASP.Net MVC.
 
Please see the below HTML view where I have added@Html.AntiForgeryToken()
    @using (Html.BeginForm("Create", "Products", FormMethod.Post, new { enctype = "multipart/form-data" })) 
    { 
       @Html.AntiForgeryToken() 
       <div class="form-row"> 
       <div class="form-group col-md-6"> 
          @Html.LabelFor(temp => temp.ProductName) 
          @Html.TextBoxFor(temp => temp.ProductName, new { placeholder = "Product Name", @class = "form-control" }) 
          @Html.ValidationMessageFor(temp => temp.ProductName) 
       </div> 
    <div class="form-group col-md-6"> 
       @Html.LabelFor(temp=>temp.Price) 
       @Html.TextBoxFor(temp=>temp.Price,new { @class="form-control",placeholder="Price"}) 
    </div> 
    </div> 
    @Html.ValidationSummary() 
       <button type="submit" class="btn btn-success">Create</button> 
       <a class="btn btn-danger" href="/products/index">Cancel</a> 
    } 

Below is the action method where I have added [ValidateAntiForgeryToken] attribute.
    [HttpPost] 
    [ValidateAntiForgeryToken] 
    public ActionResult Create(Product p) 
       { 
       ProductDBContext db = new ProductDBContext(); 
       if (ModelState.IsValid) 
       { 
          db.Products.Add(p); 
          db.SaveChanges(); 
          return RedirectToAction("Index"); 
       } 
       else 
       { 
          return View(); 
    } 
    } 

Summary
In this blog, I have explained Cross-Site Request Forgery(CSRF), its steps and what changes we need to do in MVC application to prevent CSRF attacks.



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