European ASP.NET MVC 4 and MVC 5 Hosting

BLOG about ASP.NET MVC 3, ASP.NET MVC 4, and ASP.NET MVC 5 Hosting and Its Technology - Dedicated to European Windows Hosting Customer

European ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Custom Model Binders in ASP.NET MVC

clock December 22, 2016 06:31 by author Scott

In ASP.NET MVC, our system is built such that the interactions with the user are handled through Actions on our Controllers. We select our actions based on the route the user is using, which is a fancy way of saying that we base it on a pattern found in the URL they’re using. If we were on a page editing an object and we clicked the save button we would be sending the data to a URL somewhat like this one.

Notice that in our route that we have specified the name of the object that we’re trying to save. There is a default Model Binder for this in MVC that will take the form data that we’re sending and bind it to a CLR objects for us to use in our action. The standard Edit action on a controller looks like this.

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult Edit(int id, FormCollection collection)
{
    try
    {
        // TODO: Add update logic here
 
        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
    catch
    {
        return View();
    }
}

If we were to flesh some of this out the way it’s set up here, we would have code that looked a bit like this.

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult Edit(int id, FormCollection collection)
{
    try
    {
        Profile profile = _profileRepository.GetProfileById(id);

        profile.FavoriteColor = collection["favorite_color"];
        profile.FavoriteBoardGame = collection["FavoriteBoardGame"];

        _profileRepository.Add(profile);

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
    catch
    {
        return View();
    }
}

What is bad about this is that we are accessing the FormCollection object which is messy and brittle. Once we start testing this code it means that we are going to be repeating code similar to this elsewhere. In our tests we will need to create objects using these magic strings. What this means is that we are now making our code brittle. If we change the string that is required for this we will have to go through our code correcting them. We will also have to find them in our tests or our tests will fail. This is bad. What we should do instead is have these only appear on one place, our model binder. Then all the code we test is using CLR objects that get compile-time checking. To create our Custom Model Binder this is all we need to do is write some code like this.

public class ProfileModelBinder : IModelBinder
{
    ProfileRepository _profileRepository = new ProfileRepository();

    public object BindModel(ControllerContext controllerContext,
        ModelBindingContext bindingContext)
    {
        int id = (int)controllerContext.RouteData.Values["Id"];
        Profile profile = _profileRepository.GetProfileById(id);

        profile.FavoriteColor = bindingContext
            .ValueProvider
            .GetValue("favorite_color")
            .ToString();


        profile.FavoriteBoardGame = bindingContext
            .ValueProvider
            .GetValue("FavoriteBoardGame")
            .ToString();

        return profile;
    }
}

Notice that we are using the form collection here, but it is limited to this one location. When we test we will just have to pass in the Profile object to our action, which means that we don’t have to worry about these magic strings as much, and we’re also not getting into the situation where our code becomes so brittle that our tests inhibit change. The last thing we need to do is tell MVC that when it is supposed to create a Profile object that it is supposed to use this model binder. To do this, we just need to Add our binder to the collection of binders in the Application_Start method of our GLobal.ascx.cs file. It’s done like this. We say that this binder is for objects of type Profile and give it a binder to use.

ModelBinders.Binders.Add(typeof (Profile), new ProfileModelBinder());

Now we have a model binder that should let us keep the messy code out of our controllers. Now our controller action looks like this.

[HttpPost]
public ActionResult Edit(Profile profile)
{
    try
    {
        _profileRepository.Add(profile);

        return RedirectToAction("Index");
    }
    catch
    {
        return View();
    }
}

That looks a lot cleaner to me, and if there were other things I needed to do during that action, I could do them without all of the ugly binding logic.

 



ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Using Ajax in MVC Application

clock June 21, 2016 00:16 by author Anthony

In asp.net web form application, if we need ajax service, we will need to create wcf services on server side to serve ajax calls, while in MVC web application, no wcf is needed, a controller will do.

Here are two examples (GET and POST) of how to use ajax in mvc application

Http Get example: ajax consumer in view

<script type="text/javascript">
  var user = {
                'id': 1
            };
    $.get(
                'home/getUser',
                user,
                function (data) {
                    alert(data.name);
                }
    );
</script>


Http Get example: ajax server in home controller

public class HomeController : Controller
{
    // data GET service
     public JsonResult getUser(int id)
     {
            User user = db.Users.where(u=>u.id==id)
            return Json(user,JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);     }
}

A few points:


Controller must return JsonResult rather than ActionResult as a normal controller does as we would want the data to be returnd as json data, and it does not have a ‘d’ wrapper

JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet must be set in Json()call, otherwise you will get:

500 internal server error with message like

This request has been blocked because sensitive information could be disclosed to third party web sites when this is used in a GET request. To allow GET requests, set JsonRequestBehavior to AllowGet

You only need to set this parameter for GET and returning JSON array to avoid JSON hijacking, no need for POST requests.
Http POST example: ajax consumer in view


<script type="text/javascript">
var user={
            'name':’TheUser’,
            'age':30
        };
 $.post(
            'home/SaveUser',
            user,
            function (data) {
                if (data === true) {
                   alert('User is saved');
                }
                else {

                    alert('Failed to save the user');
                }
            },
            'json'
        );
</script>


Http POST example: ajax server in home controller

public class HomeController : Controller
{
    // data POST service
  [AcceptVerbs(HttpVerbs.Post)]
   public JsonResult SaveUser (string name, int age)
   {
        return Json(true);    }
}

A few points:

Have to decorate the controller with ‘POST’

Datatype in $.post in example is set to json, but it is not necessary to be so, if you just pass data in fields rather than in complex object. When it is not set to json it will use application/x-www-form-urlencoded as a way to pass data in standard post.


Summary:
In asp.net MVC you can use controller as ajax server without having to use wcf, compared with wcf, no configuration is needed

 

HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET MVC Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes. We have customers from around the globe, spread across every continent. We serve the hosting needs of the business and professional, government and nonprofit, entertainment and personal use market segments.



ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Configuring ELMAH In ASP.NET MVC

clock June 13, 2016 21:35 by author Anthony

In this article, I will integrate and setup ELMAH to asp.net MVC project. I will finish whole article in 5 different steps. ELMAH stands for Error Logging Modules and Handlers providing application wide error logging facilities. ELMAH is pluggable and easy to implement without changing single line of code. ELMAH work as interceptor of unhandled dotnet exceptions, that display over yellow screen of death. As per Author you can dynamically add ELMAH on running asp.net application without recompile or re-deploy whole application.You can download ELMAH binaries from google code or if you are using nuget then visit ELMAH nuget page.

Install

The best way to install any module to Asp.net MVC project is to use Nuget package Console. You can visit ELMAH nuget page for get latest version command.

Configure

After installing ELMAH , it will automatically update Web.Config file. If it's not so you can add following code to Web.Config file.

<configuration>
<configSections>
    <sectionGroup name="elmah">
      <section name="security" requirePermission="false" type="Elmah.SecuritySectionHandler, Elmah" />
      <section name="errorLog" requirePermission="false" type="Elmah.ErrorLogSectionHandler, Elmah" />
      <section name="errorMail" requirePermission="false" type="Elmah.ErrorMailSectionHandler, Elmah" />
      <section name="errorFilter" requirePermission="false" type="Elmah.ErrorFilterSectionHandler, Elmah" />
    </sectionGroup>
</configSections>

<system.web>   
    <httpModules>
      <add name="ErrorLog" type="Elmah.ErrorLogModule, Elmah" />
      <add name="ErrorMail" type="Elmah.ErrorMailModule, Elmah" />
      <add name="ErrorFilter" type="Elmah.ErrorFilterModule, Elmah" />
    </httpModules>
</system.web>

<system.webServer>
<modules>
      <add name="ErrorLog" type="Elmah.ErrorLogModule, Elmah" preCondition="managedHandler" />
      <add name="ErrorMail" type="Elmah.ErrorMailModule, Elmah" preCondition="managedHandler" />
      <add name="ErrorFilter" type="Elmah.ErrorFilterModule, Elmah" preCondition="managedHandler" />
</modules>
</system.webServer>
<elmah>
    <security allowRemoteAccess="false" />
    <errorLog type="Elmah.SqlErrorLog, Elmah" connectionStringName="YourConnectionStringName" />
</elmah>
    <location path="elmah.axd" inheritInChildApplications="false">
    <system.web>
      <httpHandlers>
        <add verb="POST,GET,HEAD" path="elmah.axd" type="Elmah.ErrorLogPageFactory, Elmah" />
      </httpHandlers>
      <!--
      <authorization>
        <allow roles="admin" />
        <deny users="*" /> 
      </authorization>
      --> 
    </system.web>
    <system.webServer>
      <handlers>
        <add name="ELMAH" verb="POST,GET,HEAD" path="elmah.axd" type="Elmah.ErrorLogPageFactory, Elmah" preCondition="integratedMode" />
      </handlers>
    </system.webServer>
  </location>
</configuration>
Usage Now, It's time to use and test elmah for application. Generate exception in Home Controller
public ActionResult Index()
{
   throw new Exception("This is test Exception");
          
   return View();
}


after generating exception check your elmah like http://www.example.com/elmah.axd
Here is our output

integrate-elmah-in-aspnet-mvc

integrate elmah in asp. net mvc

Security

In addition ELMAH provides seamless security feature to prevent unauthorized access. Please read our next article to make your elmah secure.

Filtering

ELMAH identify and store exceptions in different category, you can make or edit ELMAH error screen with different filters which we will discuss in our next ELMAH series.

Notification

You can setup ELMAH email notification when any exception occurs. To unable notification option you must include below code

Add ErrorMail module
<httpModules>
    <add name="ErrorMail" type="Elmah.ErrorMailModule, Elmah"/>
</httpModules>


Add SMTP Setting
<system.net>
    <mailSettings>
        <smtp deliveryMethod="network">
            <network host="..." port="25" userName="..." password="..." />
        </smtp>
    </mailSettings>
</system.net>
 

or
<elmah>
<errorMail from="..." to="..."  async="true" smtpServer="..." smtpPort="25" userName="..." password="..." />
</elmah>

 

 


HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET MVC Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes. We have customers from around the globe, spread across every continent. We serve the hosting needs of the business and professional, government and nonprofit, entertainment and personal use market segments.

 



ASP.NET MVC Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How To Make Simple Application In ASP.NET MVC Using Select2?

clock June 6, 2016 23:46 by author Anthony

In this tutorial, I will show you how to make simple application in ASP.NET MVC using Select2. The infinite scrolling feature has also been implemented with server side options population. Select2 is very useful for dropdown lists with large datasets.

Why Select2 :

  • Using this jQuery plugin for dropdown lists, you can implement features such as option grouping, searching, infinite scrolling, tagging, remote data sets and other highly used features.
  • To use select2 in web projects, you just have to include JavaScript and CSS files of Select2 in your website.
  • Current version of select2 is 4.0.0. You can easily include these files by installation of NuGet package ‘Select2.js’ from NuGet package manager.

Steps of Implementation:
1. Create a blank ASP.NET MVC project, and install NuGet packages Select2.js, jQuery and jQuery Unobtrusive.
2. Add one controller with the name ‘HomeController’ and add view for default method ‘Index’.
3. Create new class in Models folder ‘IndexViewModel.cs as shown below:

public class IndexViewModel
{
   [Required(ErrorMessage="Please select any option")]
   public string OptionId { get; set; }
}

4. Bind ‘Index.cshtml’ view with IndexViewModelClass as model, by adding the following line in Index view:

@model Select2InMvcProject.Models.IndexViewModel

5. In ‘Index.cshtml’, include the css and js files below:

<link href="~/Content/css/select2.css" rel="stylesheet" />
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery-2.1.4.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/select2.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery.validate.js"></script>
<script src="~/Scripts/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.js"></script>


6. Write the following code in the Index view for creation of select list:

@using (Html.BeginForm())
{
   <br /><br />
   @Html.DropDownListFor(n => n.OptionId, Enumerable.Empty<SelectListItem>(), new { @id = "txtOptionId", @style = "width:300px;" })
//Created selectlist with empty enumerable of SelectListItem and given //id as “txtOptionId”
   @Html.ValidationMessageFor(n => n.OptionId)
//Adds span of validation error message
   <br /><br />
<button type="submit">Submit</button>
   <br /><br />
}


7. For applying Select2 to the dropdown list created above, fetching data from server side and for infinite scroll, use the jQuery code below in Index view:

<script type="text/javascript">
   $(document).ready(function () {
       var pageSize = 20;
       var optionListUrl = '@Url.Action("GetOptionList", "Home")';
//Method which is to be called for populating options in dropdown //dynamically
       $('#txtOptionId').select2(
       {
           ajax: {
               delay: 150,
               url: optionListUrl,
               dataType: 'json',
               data: function (params) {
                   params.page = params.page || 1;
                   return {
                       searchTerm: params.term,
                       pageSize: pageSize,
                       pageNumber: params.page
                   };
               },
               processResults: function (data, params) {
                   params.page = params.page || 1;
                  return {
                       results: data.Results,
                       pagination: {
                           more: (params.page * pageSize) < data.Total
                       }
                   };
               }
           },
           placeholder: "-- Select --",
           minimumInputLength: 0,
           allowClear: true,
   });
});
</script>


8. Create new class in Models folder with name ‘Select2OptionModel’ and add the two classes below:

public class Select2OptionModel
{
       public string id { get; set; }
       public string text { get; set; }
}
public class Select2PagedResult
{
       public int Total { get; set; }
       public List<Select2OptionModel> Results { get; set; }
}


9. Create one new folder with name ‘Repository’ in the solution, and add new class in that folder with name ‘Select2Repository. The functions in this class are mentioned below:

public class Select2Repository
   {
       IQueryable<Select2OptionModel> AllOptionsList;
public Select2Repository()
{
           AllOptionsList = GetSelect2Options();
}
IQueryable<Select2OptionModel> GetSelect2Options()
                  {
                                     string cacheKey = "Select2Options";
                                     //check cache
                                     if (HttpContext.Current.Cache[cacheKey] != null)
                                     {
return (IQueryable<Select2OptionModel>)HttpContext.Current.Cache[cacheKey];
                                     }
                                     var optionList = new List<Select2OptionModel>();
                                     var optionText = "Option Number ";
                                     for (int i = 1; i < 1000; i++)
                                     {
                                     optionList.Add(new Select2OptionModel
                                     {
                                               id = i.ToString(),
                                               text = optionText + i
                                     });
                                   }
                                   var result = optionList.AsQueryable();
                                     //cache results
                                     HttpContext.Current.Cache[cacheKey] = result;
                                     return result;}
 
List<Select2OptionModel> GetPagedListOptions(string searchTerm, int pageSize, int pageNumber, out int totalSearchRecords)
                  {
                                     var allSearchedResults = GetAllSearchResults(searchTerm);
                                     totalSearchRecords = allSearchedResults.Count;
return allSearchedResults.Skip((pageNumber - 1) * pageSize).Take(pageSize).ToList();
                  }
                  List<Select2OptionModel> GetAllSearchResults(string searchTerm)
                  {

                                     var resultList = new List<Select2OptionModel>();
                                      if (!string.IsNullOrEmpty(searchTerm))
resultList = AllOptionsList.Where(n => n.text.ToLower().Contains(searchTerm.ToLower())).ToList();
                                     else
                                     resultList = AllOptionsList.ToList();
                                     return resultList;
                  }
                  public Select2PagedResult GetSelect2PagedResult(string searchTerm, int pageSize, int pageNumber)
                  {
                                     var select2pagedResult = new Select2PagedResult();
                                     var totalResults = 0;
                                     select2pagedResult.Results = GetPagedListOptions(searchTerm,
pageSize, pageNumber, out totalResults);
                                     select2pagedResult.Total = totalResults;
                                     return select2pagedResult;
}
}

10.  In HomeController class, create new method as shown below:

public JsonResult GetOptionList(string searchTerm, int pageSize, int pageNumber)
{
     var select2Repository = new Select2Repository();
     var result = select2Repository.GetSelect2PagedResult(searchTerm, pageSize, pageNumber);
     return Json(result, JsonRequestBehavior.AllowGet);
}

11. Once you are done with coding, you can build and run the project. The output will be shown as below:

dropdown1.png

dropdown2.png


HostForLIFE.eu ASP.NET MVC Hosting
HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes. We have customers from around the globe, spread across every continent. We serve the hosting needs of the business and professional, government and nonprofit, entertainment and personal use market segments.

 



About HostForLIFE.eu

HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes.

We have offered the latest Windows 2012 Hosting, ASP.NET 4.5 Hosting, ASP.NET MVC 5 Hosting, and SQL 2014 Hosting.


Tag cloud

Sign in