European ASP.NET MVC 4 and MVC 5 Hosting

BLOG about ASP.NET MVC 3, ASP.NET MVC 4, and ASP.NET MVC 5 Hosting and Its Technology - Dedicated to European Windows Hosting Customer

ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How to Connect a Database with C#, ADO.NET, and ASP.NET MVC?

clock June 19, 2024 09:14 by author Peter

The seamless integration of databases is essential for current web development's data management and retrieval processes. This article explains how to create a robust C# Data Access Layer (DAL) that can interface with a MySQL database. This code provides an example of how to implement such a DAL. Using a MySQL database is the responsibility of the ClsDal class. It has functions to manage connection strings and get data out of the database.

using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Data;
using System.Linq;
using System.Web;
using MySql.Data.MySqlClient;

namespace DemoAPI.DB_Logic
{
    public class ClsDal
    {
        private static string mstrPath = null;
        static ClsCommonCryptography mobjCryptography = new ClsCommonCryptography();

        public static DataSet Qry_WithDataSet(string ProcWithParameter)
        {
            IErrorRepository error = new ErrorRepository();
            DataSet ds = new DataSet();
            try
            {
                if (GetConnStr() != null)
                {
                    MySqlConnection sqlCon = new MySqlConnection(mstrPath);

                    sqlCon.Open();

                    MySqlCommand sqlCmd = new MySqlCommand(ProcWithParameter, sqlCon);

                    sqlCmd.CommandTimeout = 0;

                    MySqlDataAdapter sqlDataAdapter = new MySqlDataAdapter
                    {
                        SelectCommand = sqlCmd
                    };

                    DataSet dtReturn = new DataSet();

                    sqlDataAdapter.Fill(dtReturn);

                    sqlCmd.Dispose();
                    sqlDataAdapter.Dispose();
                    sqlCon.Dispose();

                    return dtReturn;
                }
                else
                {
                    return null;
                }
            }
            catch (MySqlException sqlEx)
            {
                error.DBlogError("Qry_WithDataSet", ProcWithParameter, "Output" + "\n" + sqlEx.ToString());
                return null;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                error.DBlogError("DBError Method : Qry_WithDataSet", ProcWithParameter, "Output" + "\n" + ex.ToString());
                return null;
            }
        }

        private static string GetConnStr()
        {
            IErrorRepository error = new ErrorRepository();
            try
            {
                mstrPath = System.Configuration.ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["DbConn"].ConnectionString.ToString();
                mstrPath = mobjCryptography.StringDecrypt(mstrPath);
                return mstrPath;
            }
            catch (Exception ex)
            {
                error.DBlogError("DBError Method : GetConnStr", mstrPath, "Output" + "\n" + ex.ToString());
                return null;
            }
        }
    }
}


Data Access Layer (DAL) for MySQL database operations is defined by the supplied C# code as the ClsDal class in the DemoAPI.DB_Logic namespace. It offers techniques to safely manage connections and query the database. A decrypted connection string that is obtained from the configuration file is used by the Qry_WithDataSet method to run SQL queries or stored procedures against the database. Ensuring strong error management, it manages exceptions through organized error logging. While both methods use an `IErrorRepository` interface to log database-related issues, the GetConnStr method decrypts and obtains the database connection string. Generally speaking, this code promotes security and dependability by encapsulating best practices for database interaction in the context of web applications.

Conclusion  

For MySQL databases, implementing a Data Access Layer in C# requires connection management, query execution, and error handling done right. These best practices are demonstrated by the given code, which shows how to safely connect to a MySQL database, run queries, and log problems for maintenance and troubleshooting.



ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: Stopping XSS Attacks in MVC ASP.NET

clock June 13, 2024 07:45 by author Peter

When malicious scripts are inserted into web sites that other users are seeing, it can lead to cross-site scripting (XSS) attacks, which pose a serious security risk. This article shows how to use best practices and built-in security capabilities in ASP.NET Core MVC to develop a basic blog application while guarding against XSS attacks.

Step 1. Create the ASP.NET Core MVC Project
Create a new ASP.NET Core MVC project
dotnet new mvc -n BlogApp
cd BlogApp


Add Entity Framework Core Packages
dotnet add package Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.SqlServer
dotnet add package Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore.Design
dotnet add package Microsoft.Security.Application

Step 2. Set Up Entity Framework Core
Create the database context and models
Create a Data folder and add ApplicationDbContext.cs
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.Model;
namespace XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.Data
{
    public class ApplicationDbContext : DbContext
    {
        public ApplicationDbContext(DbContextOptions<ApplicationDbContext> options) : base(options) { }
        public DbSet<BlogPost> BlogPosts { get; set; }
    }
}

Configure the Database Context in Startup.cs
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;
using XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.Data;
namespace XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC
{
    public class Program
    {
        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            var builder = WebApplication.CreateBuilder(args);
            // Add services to the container.
            builder.Services.AddRazorPages();
            builder.Services.AddControllersWithViews();
            builder.Services.AddDbContext<ApplicationDbContext>(options =>
            options.UseSqlServer(builder.Configuration.GetConnectionString("DefaultConnection")));
            var app = builder.Build();
            // Configure the HTTP request pipeline.
            if (!app.Environment.IsDevelopment())
            {
                app.UseExceptionHandler("/Error");
                // The default HSTS value is 30 days. You may want to change this for production scenarios, see https://aka.ms/aspnetcore-hsts.
                app.UseHsts();
            }

            app.UseHttpsRedirection();
            app.UseStaticFiles();
            app.UseRouting();
            app.UseAuthorization();
            app.MapRazorPages();
            app.UseEndpoints(routes =>
            {
                routes.MapControllerRoute(
                    name: "default",
                    pattern: "{controller=Home}/{action=Index}/{id?}");
            });
            app.Run();
        }
    }
}


Add Connection String in appsettings.json
{
  "ConnectionStrings": {
    "DefaultConnection": "Server=(localdb)\\mssqllocaldb;Database=BlogAppDb;Trusted_Connection=True;MultipleActiveResultSets=true"
  },
  "Logging": {
    "LogLevel": {
      "Default": "Information",
      "Microsoft.AspNetCore": "Warning"
    }
  },
  "AllowedHosts": "*"
}

Create the Initial Migration and Update the Database
dotnet ef migrations add InitialCreate
dotnet ef database update


Step 3. Create Controllers and Views
Create the BlogPost Model
Create a Models folder and add BlogPost.cs
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;
namespace XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.Model
{
    public class BlogPost
    {
        public int Id { get; set; }
        [Required]
        [StringLength(100)]
        public string? Title { get; set; }
        [Required]
        public string? Content { get; set; }
        public DateTime Created { get; set; }
    }
}


Create the BlogController
Create a Controllers folder and add BlogController.cs
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using Microsoft.Security.Application;
using XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.Data;
using XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.Model;
namespace XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.Controllers
{
    public class BlogController : Controller
    {
        private readonly ApplicationDbContext _context;
        public BlogController(ApplicationDbContext context)
        {
            _context = context;
        }
        [HttpGet]
        public IActionResult Index()
        {
            var posts = _context.BlogPosts.ToList();
            return View(posts);
        }
        [HttpGet]
        public IActionResult Create()
        {
            return View();
        }
        [HttpPost]
        [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
        public IActionResult Create(BlogPost model)
        {
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                // Sanitize inputs before saving to the database
                model.Title = Sanitizer.GetSafeHtmlFragment(model.Title);
                model.Content = Sanitizer.GetSafeHtmlFragment(model.Content);
                _context.BlogPosts.Add(model);
                _context.SaveChanges();
                return RedirectToAction(nameof(Index));
            }
            return View(model);
        }
    }
}

Create the Views
Create a Views/Blog folder and add the following views
Index.cshtml
@model IEnumerable<XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.Model.BlogPost>
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Blog Posts</title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>Blog Posts</h1>
    <a asp-controller="Blog" asp-action="Create">Create New Post</a>
    <ul>
        @foreach (var post in Model)
        {
            <li>
                <h2>@post.Title</h2>
                <p>@Html.Raw(@post.Content)</p>
                <p><small>@post.Created</small></p>
            </li>
        }
    </ul>
</body>
</html>


Create.cshtml
@model XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.Model.BlogPost
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
    <title>Create Blog Post</title>
</head>
<body>
    <h1>Create Blog Post</h1>
    <form asp-action="Create" method="post" asp-antiforgery="true">
        <div class="form-group">
            <label asp-for="Title"></label>
            <input asp-for="Title" class="form-control" />
            <span asp-validation-for="Title" class="text-danger"></span>
        </div>
        <div class="form-group">
            <label asp-for="Content"></label>
            <textarea asp-for="Content" class="form-control"></textarea>
            <span asp-validation-for="Content" class="text-danger"></span>
        </div>
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
    </form>
    <a asp-controller="Blog" asp-action="Index">Back to List</a>
</body>
</html>


Step 4. Add Client-Side Validation

Enable Client-Side Validation
Add the necessary scripts to _Layout.cshtml
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8" />
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0" />
    <title>@ViewData["Title"] - XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="~/lib/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="~/css/site.css" asp-append-version="true" />
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="~/XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC.styles.css" asp-append-version="true" />
</head>
<body>
    <header>
        <nav class="navbar navbar-expand-sm navbar-toggleable-sm navbar-light bg-white border-bottom box-shadow mb-3">
            <div class="container">
                <a class="navbar-brand" asp-area="" asp-page="/Index">XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC</a>
                <button class="navbar-toggler" type="button" data-bs-toggle="collapse" data-bs-target=".navbar-collapse" aria-controls="navbarSupportedContent"
                        aria-expanded="false" aria-label="Toggle navigation">
                    <span class="navbar-toggler-icon"></span>
                </button>
                <div class="navbar-collapse collapse d-sm-inline-flex justify-content-between">
                    <ul class="navbar-nav flex-grow-1">
                        <li class="nav-item">
                            <a class="nav-link text-dark" asp-area="" asp-page="/Index">Home</a>
                        </li>
                        <li class="nav-item">
                            <a class="nav-link text-dark" asp-area="" asp-page="/Privacy">Privacy</a>
                        </li>
                        <li class="nav-item">
                            <a class="nav-link text-dark" asp-action="Index" asp-controller="Blog">Blog</a>
                        </li>
                    </ul>
                </div>
            </div>
        </nav>
    </header>
    <div class="container">
        <main role="main" class="pb-3">
            @RenderBody()
        </main>
    </div>

    <footer class="border-top footer text-muted">
        <div class="container">
            &copy; 2024 - XSSAttackInAspNetCoreMVC - <a asp-area="" asp-page="/Privacy">Privacy</a>
        </div>
    </footer>

    <script src="~/lib/jquery/dist/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/lib/bootstrap/dist/js/bootstrap.bundle.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/js/site.js" asp-append-version="true"></script>
    <script src="~/lib/jquery/dist/jquery.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/lib/jquery-validation/dist/jquery.validate.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/lib/jquery-validation-unobtrusive/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.min.js"></script>
    @await RenderSectionAsync("Scripts", required: false)
</body>
</html>


Step 5. Run the Application
dotnet run

Output
If we want to submit the script in the form after doing the above steps the site will sanatize the input if the script is found the site will not accept the data.

After submitting this data, we will debug the inputs in the code, and we will not receive the script attack on my website.


You can see from the result that we don't receive any output pertaining to the scripts in the view after sanitization.

Conclusion

By following these instructions, you have developed a basic ASP.NET Core MVC application that shields users against XSS threats while enabling them to make and read blog posts. In order to display content properly, the application employs built-in encoding features and sanitizes user inputs before saving them to the database. By using this method, you may be sure that your application is safe against frequent XSS attacks.



ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting - HostForLIFE.eu :: How to Mastering ASP.NET Core Identity in ASP.NET Core MVC?

clock June 7, 2024 10:30 by author Peter

Any web application that needs user authorization and authentication must include ASP.NET Core Identity. It provides a smooth method for controlling roles, tokens, claims, passwords, and users. You may use this guide to set up and use ASP.NET Core Identity in your application in an efficient manner.


ASP.NET Core Identity Installation
Install the ASP.NET Core Identity required NuGet package.
dotnet add package Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.EntityFrameworkCore

Configuring Identity Services
builder.Services.AddIdentity<AppUser, IdentityRole>(options =>
{
    options.Password.RequireDigit = true;
    options.Password.RequiredLength = 7;
    options.Password.RequireUppercase = true;

    options.User.RequireUniqueEmail = true;
})
             .AddEntityFrameworkStores<AppDbContext>()
             .AddTokenProvider<DataProtectorTokenProvider<AppUser>>(TokenOptions.DefaultProvider);


Configure Middleware
app.UseHttpsRedirection();
app.UseStaticFiles();
app.UseSession();
app.UseAuthentication();
app.UseRouting();
app.UseAuthorization();
app.UseEndpoints(endpoints =>
{
    endpoints.MapControllerRoute(
        name: "default",
        pattern: "{controller=Home}/{action=Index}/{id?}");
});


Models for the Application
AppUser

using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity;

namespace A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Models
{
    public class AppUser : IdentityUser
    {
        [PersonalData]
        public string FirstName { get; set; }

        [PersonalData]
        public string LastName { get; set; }
    }
}


Profile
namespace A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Models
{
        public class Profile
        {
            public int ProfileId { get; set; }
            public string? FirstName { get; set; }
            public string? LastName { get; set; }
            public string? FullName { get; set; }

            public string? TagLine { get; set; }
            public string? About { get; set; }
            public string? Country { get; set; }
            public string? City { get; set; }

            public string? UserName { get; set; }
            public string? PhoneNumber { get; set; }

            public string? FacebookLink { get; set; }
            public string? TwitterLink { get; set; }
            public DateTime MemberSince { get; set; }
            public string? Website { get; set; }
            public string? ContactVerified { get; set; }

            public string? HeaderImageUrl { get; set; }
            public string? DisplayImageUrl { get; set; }
            public string? ProfileUrl { get; set; }

            public int ProfileBadgeId { get; set; }
            //Navigational Properties
            public virtual ICollection<ProfileBadge>? ProfileBadges { get; set; }
    }
}


Creating the Application Database Context
using A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Models;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity.EntityFrameworkCore;
using Microsoft.EntityFrameworkCore;

namespace A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Data
{
    public class AppDbContext : IdentityDbContext<AppUser>
    {
        public AppDbContext(DbContextOptions<AppDbContext> options) : base(options)
        {

        }

        public DbSet<Profile> Profiles { get; set; }
        public DbSet<ProfileBadge> ProfileBadges { get; set; }
        public DbSet<Badge> badges { get; set; }
        public DbSet<DeactivatedProfile> DeactivatedProfiles { get; set; }
    }
}

C#
Setting Up Middleware

app.UseAuthentication();
app.UseAuthorization();


Configuring Identity Options
services.Configure<IdentityOptions>(options =>
{
    options.Password.RequireDigit = true;
    options.Password.RequiredLength = 8;
    options.Password.RequireNonAlphanumeric = false;
    options.Password.RequireUppercase = true;
    options.Password.RequireLowercase = false;
    options.Lockout.DefaultLockoutTimeSpan = TimeSpan.FromMinutes(5);
    options.Lockout.MaxFailedAccessAttempts = 5;
    options.User.RequireUniqueEmail = true;
});

Creating Controllers and Views for Authentication
Account Controller
Create an AccountController to handle registration, login, and logout.
using A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Data;
using A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Models;
using A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Services;
using A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.ViewModels;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Authorization;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Identity;
using Microsoft.AspNetCore.Mvc;
using System.Security.Claims;

namespace A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Controllers
{
    public class AccountController : Controller
    {
        private SignInManager<AppUser> _signInManager;
        private UserManager<AppUser> _userManager;
        private RoleManager<IdentityRole> _roleManager;
        private readonly AppDbContext _context;

        public AccountController(AppDbContext context, SignInManager<AppUser> signInManager, UserManager<AppUser> userManager, RoleManager<IdentityRole> roleManager)
        {
            _context = context;
            _signInManager = signInManager;
            _userManager = userManager;
            _roleManager = roleManager;
        }

        public IActionResult Login()
        {
            if (this.User.Identity.IsAuthenticated)
            {
                return RedirectToAction("Index", "Roles");
            }
            return View();
        }

        [HttpPost, ActionName("Login")]
        public async Task<IActionResult> LoginPost(LoginViewModel loginModel)
        {

            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                var profile = _context.Profiles.Where(p => p.UserName == loginModel.Email).SingleOrDefault();
                var deactivated = _context.DeactivatedProfiles.Where(e => e.ProfileId == profile.ProfileId).FirstOrDefault();
                if (deactivated != null)
                {
                    ModelState.AddModelError("", $"Your profile has been blocked:{deactivated.Reason}. Please contact administrator [email protected]");
                    return View();
                }
                var result = await _signInManager.PasswordSignInAsync(loginModel.Email, loginModel.Password, loginModel.RememberMe, false);

                if (result.Succeeded)
                {
                    var user = await _userManager.FindByEmailAsync(loginModel.Email);
                    var roles = await _userManager.GetRolesAsync(user);
                    var primaryRole = roles.FirstOrDefault();

                    HttpContext.Session.SetString("ProfileId", profile.ProfileId.ToString());
                    HttpContext.Session.SetString("ProfileRole", primaryRole ?? "Member");
                    if (!string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(profile.DisplayImageUrl))
                    {
                        HttpContext.Session.SetString("ProfileImage", profile.DisplayImageUrl);

                    }
                    else
                    {
                        HttpContext.Session.SetString("ProfileImage", "favicon.ico");
                    }

                    if(primaryRole == "Vendor")
                    {
                        return RedirectToAction("Index", "Roles");
                    }
                    else if (primaryRole == "Artist")
                    {
                        return RedirectToAction("BuyerDashBoard", "Roles");
                    }
                    else if (primaryRole == "Buyer")
                    {
                        return RedirectToAction("BuyerDashBoard", "Roles");
                    }
                    else if (primaryRole == "Admin")
                    {
                        return RedirectToAction("Index", "Roles");
                    }
                    else if (primaryRole == "Member")
                    {
                        return RedirectToAction("Index", "Home");
                    }
                }
            }
            ModelState.AddModelError("", "Faild to Login");
            return View();
        }

        public async Task<IActionResult> Logout()
        {
            await _signInManager.SignOutAsync();
            return RedirectToAction("Index", "Home");
        }

        public IActionResult Register()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [HttpPost, ActionName("Register")]
        [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
        public async Task<IActionResult> RegisterPost(RegisterViewModel registerModel)
        {
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                AppUser user = new AppUser
                {
                    FirstName = registerModel.FirstName,
                    LastName = registerModel.LastName,
                    UserName = registerModel.Email,
                    PhoneNumber = registerModel.PhoneNumber,
                    Email = registerModel.Email
                };

                Profile profile = new Profile
                {
                    UserName = registerModel.Email,
                    FirstName = registerModel.FirstName,
                    LastName = registerModel.LastName,
                    FullName = registerModel.FirstName + " " + registerModel.LastName,
                    PhoneNumber = registerModel.PhoneNumber
                };

                var result = await _userManager.CreateAsync(user, registerModel.Password);
                if (result.Succeeded)
                {
                    bool roleExists = await _roleManager.RoleExistsAsync(registerModel.RoleName);
                    if (!roleExists)
                    {
                        await _roleManager.CreateAsync(new IdentityRole(registerModel.RoleName));
                    }

                    if (!await _userManager.IsInRoleAsync(user, registerModel.RoleName))
                    {
                        await _userManager.AddToRoleAsync(user, registerModel.RoleName);
                    }

                    if (!string.IsNullOrWhiteSpace(user.Email))
                    {
                        // Claim[] claim = new Claim(ClaimTypes.GivenName, user.FirstName);
                        Claim[] claims = new Claim[]
                        {
                          new Claim(ClaimTypes.Email, user.Email),
                          new Claim(ClaimTypes.GivenName, user.FirstName),
                          new Claim(ClaimTypes.Surname, user.LastName)
                        };
                        await _userManager.AddClaimsAsync(user, claims);
                    }

                    //Add profile data
                    _context.Profiles.Add(profile);
                    await _context.SaveChangesAsync();

                    var resultSignIn = await _signInManager.PasswordSignInAsync(registerModel.Email, registerModel.Password, registerModel.RememberMe, false);
                    if (resultSignIn.Succeeded)
                    {
                        HttpContext.Session.SetString("ProfileId", profile.ProfileId.ToString());
                        HttpContext.Session.SetString("ProfileImage", "favicon.ico");
                        return RedirectToAction("Index", "Roles");
                    }
                }
                foreach (var error in result.Errors)
                {
                    ModelState.AddModelError("", error.Description);
                }
            }
            return View();
        }

        public IActionResult ChangePassword()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public async Task<IActionResult> ChangePassword(ChangePassworViewModel model)
        {
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                return View(model);

            }
            AppUser user = await _userManager.FindByNameAsync(User.Identity.Name);

            var result = await _userManager.ChangePasswordAsync(user, model.CurrentPassword, model.NewPassword);

            if (result.Succeeded)
            {
                ViewBag.Message = "Your password has been updated";
                return View();
            }
            return View();

        }

        public DeactivatedProfile DeactivatedCheck(int id)
        {
            return _context.DeactivatedProfiles.Where(e => e.ProfileId == id).FirstOrDefault();
        }

        public IActionResult VerifyContact()
        {
            var profile = _context.Profiles.Where(u => u.UserName == User.Identity.Name).FirstOrDefault();

            VerifyContactViewModel model = new VerifyContactViewModel
            {
                Email = profile.UserName,
                PhoneNumber = profile.PhoneNumber,
                Status = profile.ContactVerified
            };

            return View(model);
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public IActionResult VerifyContact(VerifyContactViewModel model)
        {
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                if (model.VerificationCode == "5186")
                {
                    var profile = _context.Profiles.Where(u => u.UserName == User.Identity.Name).FirstOrDefault();

                    profile.ContactVerified = "Verified";
                    _context.Profiles.Update(profile);
                    _context.SaveChanges();
                    ViewBag.Message = "Contact Verified";
                    return View(model);
                }
                else
                {
                    ModelState.AddModelError("", $"You entered wrong code.Please enter code sent on your email");
                    return View(model);
                }

            }

            return View(model);
        }

        public async Task<string> ConfirmContact()
        {
            var email = User.Identity.Name;
            await EmailService.SendEmailAsync(new MailRequest() { ToEmail = email, Subject = "Verification Code", Body = "Your Verification Code is:5186" });
            //Send verification code
            return "Verification Code Sent to your email";
        }

        public IActionResult ForgotPassword()
        {
            return View();
        }

        [HttpPost]
        public async Task<IActionResult> ForgotPassword(ForgotPasswordViewModel model)
        {
            if (ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                var user = await _userManager.FindByNameAsync(model.Email);
                if (user == null)
                {
                    // Don't reveal that the user does not exist or is not confirmed
                    return View("ForgotPasswordConfirmation");
                }

                // For more information on how to enable account confirmation and password reset please visit https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=320771
                // Send an email with this link
                string code = await _userManager.GeneratePasswordResetTokenAsync(user);
                var callbackUrl = Url.Action("ResetPassword", "Account", new { Email = user.Email, Code = code }, protocol: Request.Scheme);
                // await _userManager.SendEmailAsync(user.Id, "Reset Password", "Please reset your password by clicking <a href=\"" + callbackUrl + "\">here</a>");
                await EmailService.SendEmailAsync(new MailRequest() { ToEmail = user.Email, Subject = "Reset Password", Body = "Please reset your password by clicking <a href=\"" + callbackUrl + "\">here</a>" });
                return RedirectToAction("ForgotPasswordConfirmation", "Account");
            }

            // If we got this far, something failed, redisplay form
            return View(model);
        }

        // GET: /Account/ForgotPasswordConfirmation
        [AllowAnonymous]
        public IActionResult ForgotPasswordConfirmation()
        {
            return View();
        }

        //
        // GET: /Account/ResetPassword
        [AllowAnonymous]
        public IActionResult ResetPassword(string email, string code)
        {
            return code == null ? View("Error") : View();
        }

        // POST: /Account/ResetPassword
        [HttpPost]
        [AllowAnonymous]
        [ValidateAntiForgeryToken]
        public async Task<ActionResult> ResetPassword(ResetPasswordViewModel model)
        {
            if (!ModelState.IsValid)
            {
                return View(model);
            }
            var user = await _userManager.FindByNameAsync(model.Email);
            if (user == null)
            {
                // Don't reveal that the user does not exist
                return RedirectToAction("ResetPasswordConfirmation", "Account");
            }
            var result = await _userManager.ResetPasswordAsync(user, model.Code, model.Password);
            if (result.Succeeded)
            {
                return RedirectToAction("ResetPasswordConfirmation", "Account");
            }

            AddErrors(result);
            return View();
        }

        private void AddErrors(IdentityResult result)
        {
            foreach (var error in result.Errors)
            {
                ModelState.AddModelError("", error.ToString());
            }
        }

        [AllowAnonymous]
        public IActionResult ResetPasswordConfirmation()
        {
            return View();
        }
    }
}


ViewModel Classes
LoginViewModel
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;

namespace A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.ViewModels
{
    public class LoginViewModel
    {
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter your email")]
        [DataType(DataType.EmailAddress)]
        public string Email { get; set; }

        [Display(Name = "Password")]
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter your password.")]
        public string Password { get; set; }

        [Display(Name = "Remember Me")]
        public bool RememberMe { get; set; }
    }
}

RegisterViewModel
using System.ComponentModel.DataAnnotations;

namespace A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.ViewModels
{
    public class RegisterViewModel: LoginViewModel
    {
        [Display(Name = "First Name")]
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter your first name")]
        public string FirstName { get; set; }

        [Display(Name = "Last Name")]
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter your last name")]
        public string LastName { get; set; }

        [Display(Name = "Role Name")]
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please select a role")]
        public string RoleName { get; set; }

        [Display(Name = "Phone Number")]
        [Required(ErrorMessage = "Please enter your phone number")]
        [DataType(DataType.PhoneNumber)]
        public string PhoneNumber { get; set; }
    }
}

Register and Login Views
Create views for registration and login.

Register.cshtml
@model RegisterViewModel

@{
    ViewData["Title"] = "Register";
    Layout = "/Pages/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";
}

<!-- FORM POPUP -->
<div class="form-popup">

    <!-- /CLOSE BTN -->
    <!-- FORM POPUP HEADLINE -->
    <div class="form-popup-headline primary">
        <h2>Register Account</h2>
        <p>Register now and start making money from home!</p>
    </div>
    <!-- /FORM POPUP HEADLINE -->
    <!-- FORM POPUP CONTENT -->
    <div class="form-popup-content">
        <form id="register-form4" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" asp-action="Register">
            <div asp-validation-summary="ModelOnly" class="Error-Message"></div>
            <label asp-for="FirstName" class="rl-label"></label>
            <input asp-for="FirstName" type="text" placeholder="First Name">
            <span asp-validation-for="FirstName" class="Error-Message"></span>

            <label asp-for="LastName" class="rl-label"></label>
            <input asp-for="LastName" type="text" placeholder="Last Name">
            <span asp-validation-for="LastName" class="Error-Message"></span>

            <label asp-for="PhoneNumber" class="rl-label"></label>
            <input asp-for="PhoneNumber" type="text" placeholder="Phone Number">
            <span asp-validation-for="PhoneNumber" class="Error-Message"></span>

            <label asp-for="Email" class="rl-label"></label>
            <input asp-for="Email" type="email" placeholder="[email protected]">
            <span asp-validation-for="Email" class="Error-Message"></span>

            <label asp-for="Password" class="rl-label"></label>
            <input asp-for="Password" type="password" placeholder="Enter your password here...">
            <span asp-validation-for="Password" class="Error-Message"></span>

            <label asp-for="RoleName" class="rl-label"></label>
            <select asp-for="RoleName" class="form-control">
                <option value="">Select Role</option>
                <option value="Member">Member</option>
                <option value="Vendor">Vendor</option>
                <option value="Artist">Artist</option>
            </select>
            <span asp-validation-for="RoleName" class="Error-Message"></span>

            <button class="button mid dark">Register <span class="primary">Now!</span></button>
        </form>
    </div>
    <!-- /FORM POPUP CONTENT -->
</div>
<!-- /FORM POPUP -->
@section Scripts {
    <!-- jQuery -->
    <script src="~/js/vendor/jquery-3.1.0.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/js/vendor/twitter/jquery.tweet.min.js"></script>
    <!-- Side Menu -->
    <script src="~/js/side-menu.js"></script>
    <!-- User Quickview Dropdown -->
    <script src="~/js/user-board.js"></script>
    <!-- Footer -->
    <script src="~/js/footer.js"></script>
    <script src="~/lib/jquery-validation/dist/jquery.validate.js"></script>
    <script src="~/lib/jquery-validation-unobtrusive/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.js"></script>
}


Login.cshtml
@model LoginViewModel

@{
    ViewData["Title"] = "Login";
    Layout = "/Pages/Shared/_Layout.cshtml";
}

<!-- FORM POPUP -->
<div class="form-popup">

    <!-- FORM POPUP HEADLINE -->
    <div class="form-popup-headline secondary">
        <h2>Login to your Account</h2>
        <p>Enter now to your account and start buying and selling!</p>
    </div>
    <!-- /FORM POPUP HEADLINE -->
    <!-- FORM POPUP CONTENT -->
    <div class="form-popup-content">
        <form id="login-form2" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data" asp-action="Login">
            <div asp-validation-summary="ModelOnly" class="Error-Message"></div>
            <label asp-for="Email" class="rl-label"></label>
            <input asp-for="Email" type="text" placeholder="[email protected]" required>
            <span asp-validation-for="Email" class="Error-Message"></span>
            <label asp-for="Password" class="rl-label"></label>
            <input asp-for="Password" type="password" placeholder="Enter your password here..." required>
            <span asp-validation-for="Password" class="Error-Message"></span>
            <!-- CHECKBOX -->
            <input asp-for="RememberMe" type="checkbox" checked>
            <label asp-for="RememberMe" class="label-check">
                <span class="checkbox primary primary"><span></span></span>
                Remember username and password
            </label>
            <span asp-validation-for="RememberMe" class="Error-Message"></span>
            <!-- /CHECKBOX -->
            <p>Forgot your password? <a asp-action="ForgotPassword" asp-controller="Account" class="primary">Click here!</a></p>
            <button class="button mid dark">Login <span class="primary">Now!</span></button>
        </form>
        <!-- LINE SEPARATOR -->
        <hr class="line-separator double">

    </div>
    <!-- /FORM POPUP CONTENT -->
</div>
<!-- /FORM POPUP -->
@section Scripts {
    <!-- jQuery -->
    <script src="~/js/vendor/jquery-3.1.0.min.js"></script>
    <script src="~/js/vendor/twitter/jquery.tweet.min.js"></script>
    <!-- Side Menu -->
    <script src="~/js/side-menu.js"></script>
    <!-- User Quickview Dropdown -->
    <script src="~/js/user-board.js"></script>
    <!-- Footer -->
    <script src="~/js/footer.js"></script>
    <script src="~/lib/jquery-validation/dist/jquery.validate.js"></script>
    <script src="~/lib/jquery-validation-unobtrusive/jquery.validate.unobtrusive.js"></script>
}


Adding Email Confirmation and Password Recovery
Enable email confirmation and password recovery to enhance security.

Email Configuration

namespace A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Configurations
{
    public class EmailConfiguration
    {
        public static string SenderEmail = "[email protected]";
        public static string Password = "test123/";
        public static string Host = "smtp.gmail.com";
        public static int Port = 465;
        public static bool UseSsl = true;
        public static string DisplayName = "MVC Support";
    }
}

Email Service

using A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Configurations;
using MailKit.Net.Smtp;
using MimeKit;

namespace A_MicrosoftAspNetCoreIdentityManagement.Services
{
    public static class EmailService
    {
        public async static Task SendEmailAsync(MailRequest mailRequest)
        {
            var email = new MimeMessage();
            email.Sender = MailboxAddress.Parse(EmailConfiguration.SenderEmail);
            email.To.Add(MailboxAddress.Parse(mailRequest.ToEmail));
            email.Subject = mailRequest.Subject;
            var builder = new BodyBuilder();
            if (mailRequest.Attachments != null)
            {
                byte[] fileBytes;
                foreach (var file in mailRequest.Attachments)
                {
                    if (file.Length > 0)
                    {
                        using (var ms = new MemoryStream())
                        {
                            file.CopyTo(ms);
                            fileBytes = ms.ToArray();
                        }
                        builder.Attachments.Add(file.FileName, fileBytes, ContentType.Parse(file.ContentType));
                    }
                }
            }
            builder.HtmlBody = mailRequest.Body;
            email.Body = builder.ToMessageBody();
            using var smtp = new SmtpClient();
            smtp.Connect(EmailConfiguration.Host, EmailConfiguration.Port, EmailConfiguration.UseSsl);
            smtp.Authenticate(EmailConfiguration.SenderEmail, EmailConfiguration.Password);
            await smtp.SendAsync(email);
            smtp.Disconnect(true);
        }
    }
    public class MailRequest
    {
        public string ToEmail { get; set; }
        public string Subject { get; set; }
        public string Body { get; set; }
        public List<IFormFile> Attachments { get; set; }
    }
}

Enable Password Recovery
Add actions for password recovery.

[HttpPost]
public async Task<IActionResult> ForgotPassword(ForgotPasswordViewModel model)
{
    if (ModelState.IsValid)
    {
        var user = await _userManager.FindByNameAsync(model.Email);
        if (user == null)
        {
            // Don't reveal that the user does not exist or is not confirmed
            return View("ForgotPasswordConfirmation");
        }

        // For more information on how to enable account confirmation and password reset please visit https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkID=320771
        // Send an email with this link
        string code = await _userManager.GeneratePasswordResetTokenAsync(user);
        var callbackUrl = Url.Action("ResetPassword", "Account", new { Email = user.Email, Code = code }, protocol: Request.Scheme);
        // await _userManager.SendEmailAsync(user.Id, "Reset Password", "Please reset your password by clicking <a href=\"" + callbackUrl + "\">here</a>");
        await EmailService.SendEmailAsync(new MailRequest() { ToEmail = user.Email, Subject = "Reset Password", Body = "Please reset your password by clicking <a href=\"" + callbackUrl + "\">here</a>" });
        return RedirectToAction("ForgotPasswordConfirmation", "Account");
    }

    // If we got this far, something failed, redisplay form
    return View(model);
}


Output

If our role is vendor, then the vendor dashboard will be shown on the screen.

If our role is buyer, then the buyer dashboard will be shown on the screen.

 



About HostForLIFE.eu

HostForLIFE.eu is European Windows Hosting Provider which focuses on Windows Platform only. We deliver on-demand hosting solutions including Shared hosting, Reseller Hosting, Cloud Hosting, Dedicated Servers, and IT as a Service for companies of all sizes.

We have offered the latest Windows 2016 Hosting, ASP.NET Core 2.2.1 Hosting, ASP.NET MVC 6 Hosting and SQL 2017 Hosting.


Tag cloud

Sign in